We don’t know yet whether there will be a war with Iran over the drone attacks on the Saudi Arabian refinery. “Intelligence” says there is evidence the drones were launched from Iran soil. Show us the proof.

We all remember what we were told about Saddam Hussein’s weapons of mass destruction, which we went to war over without such proof. After that war we learned we had been lied to; Saddam had no WMDs.

And now we shouldn’t be lied to again over the drone attacks. The government must release actual proof that the attack came from Iran.

On a more pressing issue, we hear that our president wants to nullify California’s carbon emission rules for vehicles, which are more strict than federal standards.

President Trump appears to be bowing to the big money car manufacturers despite a study by a United Nations agency that warns that we need to make drastic changes in carbon emissions by 2030 in order to reverse global warming (search IPCC report online). Of course we know that President Trump doesn’t believe in climate change.

But he believes in donations to his election campaign. He received $30 million from the NRA, and we know where he stands on gun control. How many millions will he get from car manufacturers by revoking California’s standards?

Washington runs on greed and is corrupted by donations from lobbyists.

Isn’t it finally time to curb the influence of lobbyists over Washington and our future?

(35) comments

horsehouse

There is not much hope for the Middle East when considering that the hostilities are the same from one generation to the next. Yet, there we are defending Saudi Arabia, a country with a terrible record on human rights and especially women suppression. Maybe if we stopped protecting oil we could spend the saved military money on a faster transition to renewable energy at home. I agree that bribery through campaign contributions is the biggest reason for political corruption and the Supreme Court supports the corruption.

TwoToeJoe

I was led to believe that Islam is a religion of peace, love, and tolerance by certain intellectual elites. I would think if that philosophy were true things would be much different in various Muslim theocracies such as Iran and Saudi Arabia just to name two. I guess we will soon find out how those two countries will resolve their differences using the peace love and tolerance they idolize. California and the United Nations do not dictate emission standards placed upon our supposed sovereign nation. If California wants to impose strict emissions standards upon this state then so be it. If the citizens of this nation desire strict carbon emissions standards upon itself I would use a little logic and expect our federal government in its infinite wisdom to pass proper legislation instead of mandating those policies. California and the United Nations are already well known for its political corruption in imposing idiotic mandates that create more problems instead of resolving issues. If bribery and political corruption is a concern for anyone there would not be a cap and trade scam imposed upon our state tax which does nothing other than just providing our government with additional revenue for redistribution purposes at the consumers expense. Campaign contributions are not imposed upon people and entities. Campaign contributions are protected as free speech under our constitution as determined by Citizens United by the Supreme Court. That is the simple reason why liberals despise the NRA which advocates support for our second amendment. It is much easier to blame them rather than attempting to repeal the second amendment. One thing for sure is that I am glad that the United States is no longer dependent upon middle eastern oil! I wonder how that happened?


Blayd

"One thing for sure is that I am glad that the United States is no longer dependent upon middle eastern oil! I wonder how that happened?"

Through science, investment, and technology from public and private funding. Something that MAGA is lacking in. Making America Grate Again = Third World Manure Hole Country.

Blayd

Some auto makers and some electric generation utilities have already SPENT monies to upgrade to the stricter emissions standards. They don't support the weakening of standards since they already invested in meeting the stricter standards. Pretender in Chief tRump just wants to continue the farscicle to hide the cancer that his leadership promotes to his potential few voters he has left. Being "stuck on stupid" is not progress. Not investing in new technologies is the route to last place or no place. Clowns belong in the circus, not the Presidential Suite.

TwoToeJoe

Being no longer dependent upon Middle Eastern oil is one of the major contributors of what makes America great. Moratoriums and "stuck on stupid" ideas imposed upon our nations energy production makes us dependent upon imports which obviously makes other countries great. Science, investments and new technology commonly known as innovation has always been and always have been utilized in energy production and use. Science, investments and new technology has led this country to become the leader in energy production whether it be oil, natural gas or green energy. Innovation has been the main driver of any business or corporate venture. The real "clowns" and "stuck on stupid" are the people who believe California should impose it standards and desires upon our whole nation. The premise of mandating our nation towards the goals and standards to the wishes and desires of the state of California is called tyranny. I guess in this modern era they call it progress.

BBB

Thirteen other states have adopted CA emission standards. You have proof that a contingent of Californians went to these states and forced their legislatures to inact CA standards? AZ adopted CA standards in 2008, but repealed them as soon as Jan Brewer was elected govenor in 2012. No shortage of useful idiots...

horsehouse

Here we go again. Because masses of people want a clean world and put policy in place it suddenly is tyranny. That idea reinforces my idea that some who don’t get their way eventually tie the argument to the 2nd amendment with that word “tyranny”. Oh well, there is no compromising with some CONservatives but mental health examination might be in order.

Branson Hunter

@ TwoToes: "Trust the Science." Enough of the not very useful political rhetoric? Where is the science to support your nonsense on climate denial that in reality would educate an eighth grader?

TwoToeJoe

I do not believe in the propaganda and political rhetoric perpetuated by climate change alarmist. Time has exposed many fallacies and lies of the last 40 years of many false claims made by idiots regarding global cooling, global warming, and now I guess they want to call it climate change to fit the intent. Climate change alarmist have always had severe credibility problems with ridiculous claims and it continues to get worse. I do not believe in destroying the economy by banning affordable energy. The driving force behind the “man-caused climate change theory” is to propagate socialism. The Green New Deal proposal sealed that perception in writing while those who support it are even admitting the obvious. We have no shortage of useful idiots......

Blayd

" I do not believe in destroying the economy by banning affordable energy. " Renewable energies along with storage have become cheaper than fossil fuels as the scale of installation ramps up. It's now cost effective for industrial scale users to actually fully power their facilities with renewables, which makes them more competitive in the market place. The residential market is getting there also. Transportation is on the slow path to eventually becoming cost effective.

Pollution and environmental damages has a hidden cost: poor health.

The increasing amount of freak weather events has a cost too, up to and including loss of life for those that experience it.

Branson Hunter

Ppropaganda and political rhetoric is not science. Are you aware of that?

bill jenkins

in the past climate scientists were too conservative , and i might say timid, in there climate change predictions. case in point: not long ago it was thought the arctic summer sea ice would cease to exist by 2100. now the estimate is 2040 or before!

anyone interested in this subject, and that should be everyone interested in the well being of mother earth, should read the coverage of the arctic in this months Scientific American and National Geographic magazines. both have extensive coverage of what's going on in the arctic, both physically and politically. it's worth your effort.

bill jenkins

correction it's the august scientific american. sorry about that.

Branson Hunter

Two Toes: Again where is your science? Balderdash and evasions are not science. Could you convince Students Worldwide who are now Mobilizing for Climate Action? Sixteen year Swedish old climate activists Greta Thunberg would need something more than evasions and rhetoric to have an intelligent discussion. Hopefully, if you are better informed we could pick up on the discussion.

TwoToeJoe

Scientists questioning the accuracy of IPCC climate projections

These scientists have said that it is not possible to project global climate accurately enough to justify the ranges projected for temperature and sea-level rise over the 21st century. They may not conclude specifically that the current IPCC projections are either too high or too low, but that the projections are likely to be inaccurate due to inadequacies of current global climate modeling.



David Bellamy, botanist.[19][20][21][22]

Lennart Bengtsson, meteorologist, Reading University.[23][24]

Piers Corbyn, owner of the business WeatherAction which makes weather forecasts.[25][26]

Susan Crockford, Zoologist, adjunct professor in Anthropology at the University of Victoria.[27][28][29]

Judith Curry, professor and former chair of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology.[30][31][32][33]

Robert E. Davis, Professor of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia.[34][35][36]

Joseph D'Aleo, past Chairman American Meteorological Society's Committee on Weather Analysis and Forecasting, former Professor of Meteorology, Lyndon State College.[37][38][39][40]

Freeman Dyson, professor emeritus of the School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study; Fellow of the Royal Society.[41][42]

Ivar Giaever, Norwegian–American physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (1973).[43]

Steven E. Koonin, theoretical physicist and director of the Center for Urban Science and Progress at New York University.[44][45]

Richard Lindzen, Alfred P. Sloan emeritus professor of atmospheric science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and member of the National Academy of Sciences.[42][46][47][48]

Craig Loehle, ecologist and chief scientist at the National Council for Air and Stream Improvement.[49][50][51][52][53][54][55]

Ross McKitrick, professor of economics and CBE chair in sustainable commerce, University of Guelph.[56][57]

Patrick Moore, former president of Greenpeace Canada.[58][59][60]

Nils-Axel Mörner, retired head of the Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics Department at Stockholm University, former chairman of the INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution (1999–2003).[61][62]

Garth Paltridge, retired chief research scientist, CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research and retired director of the Institute of the Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre, visiting fellow Australian National University.[63][64]

Roger A. Pielke, Jr., director of the Sports Governance Center within the Department of Athletics at the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research at the University of Colorado at Boulder.[65][66]

Denis Rancourt, former professor of physics at University of Ottawa, research scientist in condensed matter physics, and in environmental and soil science.[67][68][69][70]

Harrison Schmitt, geologist, Apollo 17 astronaut, former US senator.[71][72]

Peter Stilbs, professor of physical chemistry at Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.[73][74]

Philip Stott, professor emeritus of biogeography at the University of London.[75][76]

Hendrik Tennekes, retired director of research, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute.[77][78]

Anastasios Tsonis, distinguished professor of atmospheric science at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.[79][80]

Fritz Vahrenholt, German politician and energy executive with a doctorate in chemistry.[81][82]



Scientists arguing that global warming is primarily caused by natural processes





Graph showing the ability with which a global climate model is able to reconstruct the historical temperature record, and the degree to which those temperature changes can be decomposed into various forcing factors. It shows the effects of five forcing factors: greenhouse gases, man-made sulfate emissions, solar variability, ozone changes, and volcanic emissions.[83]



These scientists have said that the observed warming is more likely to be attributable to natural causes than to human activities. Their views on climate change are usually described in more detail in their biographical articles.



Khabibullo Abdusamatov, astrophysicist at Pulkovo Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences.[84][85]

Sallie Baliunas, retired astrophysicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.[86][87][88]

Timothy Ball, historical climatologist, and retired professor of geography at the University of Winnipeg.[89][90][91]

Ian Clark, hydrogeologist, professor, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa.[92][93]

Vincent Courtillot, geophysicist, member of the French Academy of Sciences.[94]

Doug Edmeades, soil scientist, officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit.[95]

David Douglass, solid-state physicist, professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester.[96][97]

Don Easterbrook, emeritus professor of geology, Western Washington University.[98][99]

William Happer, physicist specializing in optics and spectroscopy; emeritus professor, Princeton University.[42][100]

Victor Manuel Velasco Herrera, Theoretical Physicist and Researcher, Institute of Geophysics of the National Autonomous University of Mexico.[101]

Ole Humlum, professor of geology at the University of Oslo.[102][103]

Wibjörn Karlén, professor emeritus of geography and geology at the University of Stockholm.[104][105]

William Kininmonth, meteorologist, former Australian delegate to World Meteorological Organization Commission for Climatology.[106][107]

David Legates, associate professor of geography and director of the Center for Climatic Research, University of Delaware.[108][109]

Anthony Lupo, professor of atmospheric science at the University of Missouri.[110][111]

Jennifer Marohasy, an Australian biologist, former director of the Australian Environment Foundation.[112][113]

Tad Murty, oceanographer; adjunct professor, Departments of Civil Engineering and Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa.[114][115]

Tim Patterson, paleoclimatologist and professor of geology at Carleton University in Canada.[116][117]

Ian Plimer, professor emeritus of mining geology, the University of Adelaide.[118][119]

Arthur B. Robinson, American politician, biochemist and former faculty member at the University of California, San Diego.[120][121]

Murry Salby, atmospheric scientist, former professor at Macquarie University and University of Colorado.[122][123]

Nicola Scafetta, research scientist in the physics department at Duke University.[124][125][126]

Tom Segalstad, geologist; associate professor at University of Oslo.[127][128]

Nir Shaviv, professor of physics focusing on astrophysics and climate science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[129][130]

Fred Singer, professor emeritus of environmental sciences at the University of Virginia.[131][132][133][134]

Willie Soon, astrophysicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.[135][136]

Roy Spencer, meteorologist; principal research scientist, University of Alabama in Huntsville.[137][138]

Henrik Svensmark, physicist, Danish National Space Center.[139][140]

George H. Taylor, retired director of the Oregon Climate Service at Oregon State University.[141][142]

Jan Veizer, environmental geochemist, professor emeritus from University of Ottawa.[143][144]



Scientists arguing that the cause of global warming is unknown

These scientists have said that no principal cause can be ascribed to the observed rising temperatures, whether man-made or natural.



Syun-Ichi Akasofu, retired professor of geophysics and founding director of the International Arctic Research Center of the University of Alaska Fairbanks.[145][146]

Claude Allègre, French politician; geochemist, emeritus professor at Institute of Geophysics (Paris).[147][148]

Robert Balling, a professor of geography at Arizona State University.[149][150]

Pål Brekke, solar astrophysicist, senior advisor Norwegian Space Centre.[151][152]

John Christy, professor of atmospheric science and director of the Earth System Science Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, contributor to several IPCC reports.[153][154][155]

Petr Chylek, space and remote sensing sciences researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory.[156][157]

David Deming, geology professor at the University of Oklahoma.[158][159]

Stanley B. Goldenberg a meteorologist with NOAA/AOML's Hurricane Research Division.[160][161]

Keith E. Idso, botanist, former adjunct professor of biology at Maricopa County Community College District and the vice president of the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change.[162][163]

Kary Mullis, 1993 Nobel laureate in chemistry, inventor of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method.[164][165][166]

Antonino Zichichi, emeritus professor of nuclear physics at the University of Bologna and president of the World Federation of Scientists.[167][168]

Scientists arguing that global warming will have few negative consequences

These scientists have said that projected rising temperatures will be of little impact or a net positive for society or the environment.

Indur M. Goklany, electrical engineer, science and technology policy analyst for the United States Department of the Interior.[169][170][171]

Craig D. Idso, geographer, faculty researcher, Office of Climatology, Arizona State University and founder of the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change.[172][173]

Sherwood B. Idso, former research physicist, USDA Water Conservation Laboratory, and adjunct professor, Arizona State University.[174][175]

Patrick Michaels, senior fellow at the Cato Institute and retired research professor of environmental science at the University of Virginia.[176][177]



These scientists published material indicating their opposition to the mainstream scientific assessment of global warming prior to their deaths.



August H. "Augie" Auer Jr. (1940–2007), retired New Zealand MetService meteorologist and past professor of atmospheric science at the University of Wyoming.[178][179]

Reid Bryson (1920–2008), emeritus professor of atmospheric and oceanic sciences, University of Wisconsin–Madison.[180][181]

Robert M. Carter (1942–2016), former head of the School of Earth Sciences at James Cook University.[182][183]

Chris de Freitas (1948–2017), associate professor, School of Geography, Geology and Environmental Science, University of Auckland.[184][185]

Vincent R. Gray (1922–2018), New Zealand physical chemist with expertise in coal ashes.[186][187]

William M. Gray (1929–2016), professor emeritus and head of the Tropical Meteorology Project, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University.[188][189]

Yuri Izrael (1930–2014), former chairman, Committee for Hydrometeorology (USSR); former director, Institute of Global Climate and Ecology (Russian Academy of Science); vice-chairman of IPCC, 2001–2007.[190][191][192]

Robert Jastrow (1925–2008), American astronomer, physicist, cosmologist and leading NASA scientist who, together with Fred Seitz and William Nierenberg, established the George C. Marshall Institute.[193][194][195]

Harold ("Hal") Warren Lewis (1923–2011), emeritus professor of physics and former department chairman at the University of California, Santa Barbara.[196][197]

Frederick Seitz (1911–2008), solid-state physicist, former president of the National Academy of Sciences and co-founder of the George C. Marshall Institute in 1984.[180][198][199]

TwoToeJoe

Required reading list for Professor Bill.

^ Morano, Marc (December 11, 2008). "U. S. Senate Minority Report: More Than 700 International Scientists Dissent Over Man-Made Global Warming Claims". Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. Retrieved September 1, 2013.

^ "Global Warming Petition Project". Retrieved March 2, 2014.

^ 500 Scientists Whose Research Contradicts Man-Made Global Warming Scares, by Dennis T. Avery. From the Heartland Institute website; published September 14, 2007, accessed June 20, 2008.

^ Kaufman, Leslie (April 9, 2009). "Dissenter on Warming Expands His Campaign". New York Times.

^ McKnight, David (August 2, 2008). "The climate change smokescreen". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved December 28, 2009.

^ Grandia, Kevin (July 22, 2009). "The 30,000 Global Warming Petition Is Easily-Debunked Propaganda". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 2, 2014.

^ Global Warming? What a load of poppycock! by David Bellamy, Daily Mail 9 July 2004.

^ https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg18624950.100-glaciers-are-cool.html

^ Monbiot, George (May 10, 2005), Junk Science, London: Guardian.co.uk, retrieved November 7, 2008

^ Bellamy, David (May 29, 2005), In an Adverse Climate, London: Times Online, retrieved November 7, 2008

^ Wills Robinson (15 May 2014).Climate change scientist claims he has been forced from new job. Daily Mail.

^ Axel Bojanowski (May 12, 2014). Climate Change Debate: A Famous Scientist Becomes a Skeptic. Spiegel Online International.

^ "Episode 102 - Sputnik", Russia Today, 12 December 2015.

^ Corbyn, P. R. (1967). "The Size and Shape of Pebbles on Chesil Beach". The Geographical Journal. 133 (1): 54–55. doi:10.2307/1794365. JSTOR 1794365.

^ B.J. Wilson, S.J. Crockford, J.W. Johnson, R.S. Malhi, B.M. Kempae (August 5, 2011), "Genetic and archaeological evidence for a former breeding population of Aleutian Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii leucopareia) on Adak Island, central Aleutians, Alaska", Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89 (8): 732–743, doi:10.1139/z11-027

^ "Climate denier blogs ignore sea ice and polar bear science, study finds". November 29, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2018.

^ Susan J. Crockford, ICCC12-(Panel 3A Fossil Fuels and the Environment), I am here today to give you an example of the failed science that is used to convince uninformed people that burning fossil fuels has had and will continue to have harmful effects on the planet.

^ Curry, Judith A.; Webster, Peter J. (2011). "Climate Science and the Uncertainty Monster". Bureau of the American Meteorological Society. 175 (12): 1667–1682. Bibcode:2011BAMS...92.1667C. doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3139.1.

^ Curry, Judith A. (November 17, 2010). "Statement to the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the United States House of Representatives" (PDF). Retrieved October 25, 2014.

^ Curry, Judith A. (April 25, 2013). "Statement to the Subcommittee on Environment of the United States House of Representatives" (PDF). Retrieved October 25, 2014. [The IPCC AR4] estimate of equilibrium climate sensitivity is not easily reconciled with recent forcing estimates and observational data. There is increasing support for values of climate sensitivity around or below 2°C.

^ Mann, Michael E. (October 17, 2014). "Curry Advocates Against Action on Climate Change". Retrieved October 25, 2014.

^ "Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, U.Va. | Faculty".

^ Michaels, Patrick J.; Knappenberger, Paul C.; Frauenfeld, Oliver W.; Davis, Robert E. (2002). "Revised 21st century temperature projections". Climate Research. 23 (1): 1–9. Bibcode:2002ClRes..23....1M. doi:10.3354/cr023001. JSTOR 24868330.

^ https://www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/default/files/GlobalWarmingExtremeWeather.pdf

^ D'Aleo, Joseph. "The Storm of February" (PDF). National Weather Digest.

^ Lovley, Erika (November 25, 2008). "Tracking 'The Gore Effect'".

^ Nuccitelli, Dana (July 10, 2017). "Conservatives are again denying the very existence of global warming". The Guardian.

^ D'Aleo, Joseph (December 15, 2009). "Climategate: Something's Rotten in Denmark ... and East Anglia, Asheville, and New York City". The IPCC and their supported scientists have worked to remove the pesky Medieval Warm Period, the Little Ice Age, and the period emailer Tom Wigley referred to as the "warm 1940s blip," and to pump up the recent warm cycle.

^ Freeman Dyson, in correspondence with editor Steve Connor (February 25, 2011), "Letters to a heretic: An email conversation with climate change sceptic Professor Freeman Dyson", The Independent, First, the computer models are very good at solving the equations of fluid dynamics but very bad at describing the real world. [...] Sixth, summing up the other five reasons, the climate of the earth is an immensely complicated system and nobody is close to understanding it.

^

Jump up to:

a b c Epstein, Ethan (January 13, 2014). "What Catastrophe?". The Weekly Standard. Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2018. But Lindzen, plainly, is different. He can’t be dismissed. Nor, of course, is he the only skeptic with serious scientific credentials. Judith Curry, the chair of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at Georgia Tech, William Happer, professor of physics at Princeton, John Christy, a climate scientist honored by NASA, now at the University of Alabama, and the famed physicist Freeman Dyson are among dozens of scientists who have gone on record questioning various aspects of the IPCC’s line on climate change. Lindzen, for his part, has said that scientists have called him privately to thank him for the work he’s doing

^ Drollete, Dan Jr. "Brian Schmidt: Climate change is a real, existential threat that should be dealt with immediately," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 11 ov. 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2017. Brian Schmidt said, "He [Giaever] strongly believes that whatever is occurring [with regard to climate change] is not attributable to emissions of greenhouse gases."

^ Koonin, Steven (September 2014). "Climate Science Is Not Settled". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 13, 2014. [Many open questions] are not ″minor″ issues to be ″cleaned up″ by further research. Rather, they are deficiencies that erode confidence in the computer projections. [...They are] fundamental challenges to our understanding of human impacts on the climate, and they should not be dismissed with the mantra that 'climate science is settled.' While the past two decades have seen progress in climate science, the field is not yet mature enough to usefully answer the difficult and important questions being asked of it.

^ "Turn down heat on climate debate". Tampa Tribune. September 23, 2014.

^ "The Climate Science Isn't Settled", The Wall Street Journal Online, November 30, 2009, Claims that climate change is accelerating are bizarre. [...] The quality of the data is poor [...] The general support for warming is based not so much on the quality of the data, but rather on the fact that there was a little ice age from about the 15th to the 19th century.

^ "What Catastrophe?", The Weekly Standard, January 13, 2014, archived from the original on December 28, 2017

^ Zedillo, Ernesto, ed. (2008). Global Warming: Looking Beyond Kyoto. Brookings Institution Press. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-0-8157-9716-6.

^ Loehle, Craig (2004). "Climate change: detection and attribution of trends from long-term geologic data". Ecological Modelling. 171 (4): 433–450. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.08.013.

^ Carter, Bob (January 20, 2009). "Facts debunk global warming alarmism". The Australian. Retrieved May 11, 2014.

^ Loehle, Craig (2007). "A 2000 Year Global Temperature Reconstruction based on Non-Tree ring Proxies" (PDF). Energy & Environment. 18 (7 & 8): 1049–1058. doi:10.1260/095830507782616797.

^ Milloy, Steven (November 21, 2007). "U.N. Climate Distractions". Fox News Channel. Retrieved February 13, 2014. A new temperature reconstruction for the past 2,000 years created by Craig Loehle of the National Council for Air and Stream Improvement indicates that, 1,000 years ago, globally averaged temperature was about 0.3 degrees Celsius warmer than the current temperature.

^ Singer, S. Fred (January 9, 2010). "Index of Editorials Global Warming Junkscience". Science and Environmental Policy Project. Retrieved February 1, 2014.

^ "Skeptics, unite!". National Post. March 30, 2010. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2014.

^ Loehle, Craig; McCulloch, J. Huston (2008). "Correction to: A 2000-Year Global Temperature Reconstruction Based on Non-Tree Ring Proxies". Energy & Environment. 19 (1): 93–100. doi:10.1260/095830508783563109.

^ "Global Warming: IPCC Reviews & Critiques" page on Ross McKitrick's website.

^ McKitrick, Ross R., Stephen McIntyre and Chad Herman (2010) "Panel and Multivariate Methods for Tests of Trend Equivalence in Climate Data Sets". Atmospheric Science Letters, doi:10.1002/asl.290.

^ A.R. Lucas & P.A. Moore, The Utah Controversy: A Case Study of Public Participation in Pollution Control, Natural Resources Journal Vol. 36, Pages 46-47, 1973

^ Jacqueline Echevarria, Greenpeace Co-founder: CO2 does not cause global warming, Energy live News, October 15, 2015

^ Patrick Moore, Obama’s Half-Baked Alaska: Yes, the glacier of Glacier Bay is receding—as it has from time to time for centuries, The Wall Street Journal, September 3, 2015

^ Nils-Axel Mörner (March 30, 2005), Economics of Climate Change: 12-ii Session 2005–06 Evidence to Select Committee on Economic Affairs, II, The Stationery Office, p. 269, ISBN 9780104007167, In conclusion, observational data do not support the sea level rise scenario. On the contrary, they seriously contradict it.

^ Kelly, Jack. "The facts don't add up for human-caused global warming". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. prominent skeptics...Nils-Axel Mörner

^ Paltridge, Garth (2009). the Climate Caper. Connor Court Publishing. ISBN 978-1-921421-25-9. There are good and straightforward scientific reasons to believe that the burning of fossil fuel and consequent increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide will lead to an increase in the average temperature of the world above that which would otherwise be the case. Whether the increase will be large enough to be noticeable is still an unanswered question.

^ Bolt, Andrew (February 12, 2010). "Warmists are hot under the collar as scepticism rules". Herald Sun. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ "Roger Pielke Jr." article at sourcewatch.org, accessed on 2016-08-23.

^ Weinkle, J., R. Maue, and R. Pielke, Jr., 2012. Historical global tropical cyclone landfalls. Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00719.1.

^ "Denis Rancourt on climate science and on climate politics", Climate Guy Blog, February 23, 2014

^ Cockburn, A., "Dissidents Against Dogma", The Nation, 25 June 2007.

^ "Inhofe reveals how scientists and activists believe global warming has ‘co-opted’ the environmental movement," US Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, 26 October 2007 [1]

^ Newton, David E. (2014). Science and Political Controversy: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO. p. 156. ISBN 978-1610693196.

^ No Need to Panic About Global Warming. Wall Street Journal, January 27, 2012.

^ Phil Plait. "No Need to Worry About Global Warming, Folks: More Carbon Dioxide Will Be Awesome," Salon, 10 May 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2017. Plait wrote, "He [Schmitt] has a long history of flat-out denial of global warming."

^ Peter Stilbs & Åke Ortmark (January 12, 2014), Expressen, gå inte på klimatbluffen, IPCC gör ingen egen forskning, utan söker som grupp stöd för en given hypotes - att koldioxiden har en avgörande betydelse för jordens framtida klimat. Detta är egentligen ogörligt, då ingen ännu har klarlagt klimatsystemets naturliga variationer. Enligt de vetenskapliga principer som växt fram under hundratals år tyder de senaste 20 årens observationer snarare på att hypotesen är falsk. (Own translation to English: The IPCC does not make its own research, but is a group searching for a given hypothesis – that carbon dioxide is crucial for the earth’s future climate. This is actually impossible since nobody has yet clarifed the climate system’s natural variability. According to the scientific principles that have developed over hundreds of years, the last 20 years of observations rather indicate that the hypothesis is false.)

^ "Enögt fokus på CO2-utsläpp leder fel" (in Swedish). Göteborgs-Posten. February 1, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ Global Warming Is Not A Crisis, March 12, 2007, It is claimed, on the basis of computer models, that this should lead to 1.1 – 6.4 C warming. What is rarely noted is that we are already three-quarters of the way into this in terms of radiative forcing, but we have only witnessed a 0.6 (+/-0.2) C rise, and there is no reason to suppose that all of this is due to humans.

^ Glasse, Jennifer (December 5, 2009). "UN Panel to Investigate Claims Climate Change Scientists Suppressed Data". Voice of America. Retrieved November 1, 2014. Philip Stott, a professor in biogeography at the University of London and a climate change skeptic

^ Tennekes, Hendrik. "A Skeptical View of Climate Models" (PDF). The blind adherence to the harebrained idea that climate models can generate 'realistic' simulations of climate is the principal reason why I remain a climate skeptic.

^ Timmer, Edwin (February 13, 2010). "Het Gelijk Van Henk Tennekes" (in Dutch). De Telegraaf. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ Roberts, John (September 30, 2013). "UN's massive new climate report adds little explanation for 'pause' in warming". Fox News Channel. Retrieved October 10, 2014. “I know that the models are not adequate,” Tsonis told Fox News. “There are a lot of climate models out there. They don’t agree with each other – and they don’t agree with reality.”

^ Lee Bergquist & Thomas Content (March 25, 2009). "Natural forces stalling global warming, UWM pair say". Retrieved November 1, 2014. The findings of mathematicians Kyle L. Swanson and Anastasios Tsonis contradict the assumptions of many climate scientists... who say the planet is currently warming.

^ "Breaking Global Warming Taboos: 'I Feel Duped on Climate Change'". Spiegel Online. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2014. CO2 alone will never cause a warming of more than 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century. Only with the help of supposed amplification effects, especially water vapor, do the computers arrive at a drastic temperature increase.

^ Delingpole, James (June 16, 2012). "It's no wonder the world's cooling on climate change". Daily Mail. Retrieved November 1, 2014. leading German green - former activist and Hamburg state environment senator Prof Fritz Vahrenholt. The evidence for man-made global warming is looking shakier by the day, Germany's answer to Jonathon Porritt or George Monbiot admitted. Far more likely a culprit is the sun.

^ Meehl, G.A.; W.M. Washington; C.A. Ammann; J.M. Arblaster; T.M.L. Wigleym; C. Tebaldi (2004). "Combinations of Natural and Anthropogenic Forcings in Twentieth-Century Climate" (PDF). Journal of Climate. 17 (19): 3721–3727. Bibcode:2004JCli...17.3721M. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2004)0172.0.CO;2.

^ "Russian academic says CO2 not to blame for global warming". Russian International News Agency. January 15, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2012. Global warming results not from the emission of greenhouse gases [...], but from an unusually high level of solar radiation and [...] growth in its intensity.

^ "Change climate change!". Hindustan Times. January 19, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2014. A Russian astronomer named Khabibullo Abdusamatov from St Petersburg has predicted the next ice age will start between 2035 and 2045 due to a decline in solar activity

^ Baliunas, Sallie (August 2002). "Warming Up to the Truth". The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved August 31, 2012.

^ Baliunas, Sallie; Willie Soon (August 22, 2002). "Global Warming Science vs. Computer Model Speculation: Just Ask the Experts". Capitalism Magazine. Retrieved August 31, 2012. [T]he recent warming trend in the surface temperature record cannot be caused by the increase of human-made greenhouse gases in the air.

^ Rowland, Christopher (November 5, 2013). "Researcher helps sow climate-change doubt". Boston Globe. Retrieved November 1, 2014. prominent climate-change doubter, Sallie Baliunas, who was studying variations in solar radiation

^ Coren, Michael (February 13, 2010). "Climatology expert threatened for climate change views". Toronto Sun. Retrieved March 6, 2014. There has always been and always will be climate change, but it has very little to do with human activity and has nothing at all to do with pollution of course.

^ Plumer, Bradford (February 7, 2007). "The dire global cooling problem". The Guardian. Retrieved November 1, 2014. global warming-skeptic Timothy Ball

^ Dyck, M.G.; Soon, W.; Baydack, R.K.; Legates, D.R.; Baliunas, S.; Ball, T.F.; Hancock, L.O. (2007). "Polar bears of western Hudson Bay and climate change: Are warming spring air temperatures the "ultimate" survival control factor" (PDF). Ecological Complexity. 4 (3): 73–84. doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2007.03.002.

^ Ian Clark (March 22, 2004). "Letter to the editor of The Hill Times". Natural Resources Stewardship Project. Archived from the original on February 10, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2011. We know that [the sun] was responsible for climate change in the past, and so is clearly going to play the lead role in present and future climate change. And interestingly... solar activity has recently begun a downward cycle.

^ Huberman, Joel A. (October 6, 2007). "Skeptics need to be held to scientific standards, too". The Buffalo News. Archived from the original on April 9, 2017. Harris and [Ian] Clark are global warming "skeptics."Retrieved =8 April 2017.

^ Article in Earth and Planetary Science Letters (EPSL) entitled “Are there connections between the Earth's magnetic field and climate?” by V. Courtillot, Y. Gallet, J.-L. Le Mouël, F. Fluteau, A. Genevey (2007) EPSL 253, 328.

^ "Doug Edmeades: Why I'm a global warming sceptic".

^ Phillip V Brennan (December 10, 2007). "New Study Explodes Human-Global Warming Story". Newsmax.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2011. [...]observed increases in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases make only a negligible contribution to climate warming.

^ Asten, Michael (December 29, 2009). "More evidence CO2 not culprit". The Australian. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ Easterbrook, Don (October 22–25, 2006). "The Cause of Global Warming and Predictions for the Coming Century". Philadelphia Annual Meeting. Retrieved August 31, 2012. Because the warming periods in these oscillations [of glaciers] occurred well before atmospheric CO

2 began to rise rapidly in the 1940s, they could not have been caused by increased atmospheric CO

2, and global warming since 1900 could well have happened without any effect of CO

2. If the cycles continue as in the past, the current warm cycle should end soon[...]

^ "The views of retired geology professor Don Easterbrook are considered in the minority". March 26, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014. ...global warming skeptic who argued that federal scientists have been manipulating climate data to inflate temperatures. The views of retired geology professor Don Easterbrook are considered in the minority.

^ Raymond Brusca (January 12, 2009). "Professor denies global warming theory". [Global warming] probably has little to do with carbon dioxide, just like past warmings had little to do with carbon dioxide

^ "Google Translate".

^ Halfdan Carstens (2013). "Klimatolog i hardt vær". Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 9, 2014. Based on my own observations of how the climate varies naturally, I am skeptical of the CO2 hypothesis (own translation from Norwegian)

^ Prestrud, Pal (October 18, 2011). "Questionable climate debate" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. Retrieved October 31, 2014.

^ Wibjörn Karlén (January 7, 2010). "Lilla istiden kan redan vara här". Retrieved January 16, 2014. After a long time of studying climate variations, I have come to the conclusion that the space weather suggests that we are more likely heading towards a colder period than a warmer. (own translation from Swedish)

^ "Skeptics from a range of scientific disciplines get louder in their opposition to doomsday claims". Orange County Register. January 1, 2008. Retrieved October 31, 2014.

^ William Kininmonth, Climate Change: A Natural Hazard (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on August 28, 2007, retrieved August 26, 2011, Natural variability of the climate system has been underestimated by IPCC and has, to now, dominated human influences.

^ Shand, Adam (January 10, 2013). "Heat likely to return despite southerlies - NATURE'S FURY -". The Australian. Retrieved October 31, 2014. William Kininmonth, a noted climate change sceptic (Subscription required.)

^ Legates, David (May 2006). "Climate Science: Climate Change and Its Impacts". National Center for Policy Analysis. Retrieved August 31, 2012. About half of the warming during the 20th century occurred prior to the 1940s, and natural variability accounts for all or nearly all of the warming.

^ Montgomery, Jeff (March 19, 2013). "Climate change skeptics say 'sick' science distorts facts". USA Today. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Professor David Legates of the University of Delaware, a former climatologist for the state, bluntly rejected leading climate change claims

^ Silvey, Janese (March 5, 2012). "Professor details role as climate consultant". Columbia Tribune. Retrieved April 15, 2014. There's no doubt the climate is changing; that's a given," he said. "But the question is: What's causing it. Is it mankind alone, which a lot of people say? Is it some mix of man and nature? Or is it nature? I would say nature is mostly responsible. There may be a role for man in there somewhere, but how much, I don't know.

^ Gerken, James (August 28, 2014). "Utility-Sponsored Teacher Training At Mizzou Brings Climate Skepticism And Anti-EPA Message". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2014.

^ Melissa Fyfe, "Cool reception for new green group", The Age, 8 June 2005.

^ "Research pair suggest global warming almost completely natural (Update)".

^ Robinson, Cindy (Spring 2005). "Global warning? Controversy heats up in the scientific community". Carleton University Magazine. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved August 31, 2012. There is no global warming due to human anthropogenic activities.

^ Montgomery, Charles (August 12, 2006). "Nurturing doubt about climate change is big business". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Canada's most vocal climate skeptics...University of Ottawa lecturer Tad Murty

^ Patterson, Timothy (June 2007). "Read the Sunspots". Financial Post.

^ "He's in the hot seat". Edmonton Journal. September 23, 2007. Retrieved October 31, 2014. The main driver of climate change, [Tim Patterson] believes, is a combination of solar changes (well-known cycles of the sun's intensity) as well as cosmic rays.

^ "Wild weather ignites climate change debate". Lateline. Australian Broadcasting Company. August 15, 2002. Natural climate changes occur unrelated to carbon dioxide contents.

^ Manning, Paddy (November 26, 2012). "Roy Hill to push through pain". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Mr Plimer, a noted climate sceptic

^ Robinson, Arthur B. (1997). "Science Has Spoken: Global Warming is a Myth" (PDF). Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved February 18, 2014. we needn't worry about human use of hydrocarbons warming the Earth. We also needn't worry about environmental calamities, even if the current, natural warming trend continues: After all the Earth has been much warmer during the past 3,000 years without ill effects.

^ Gaston, Christian (August 10, 2013). "Former Peter DeFazio opponent Art Robinson elected to lead Oregon Republican Party". The Oregonian. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Robinson, a chemist and outspoken skeptic of human-caused global warming

^ Bolt, Andrew (August 3, 2011). "New research: warmth produces these carbon dioxide concentrations". Herald Sun. Retrieved April 2, 2014. Salby...suggests that its warmth which tends to produce more CO2, rather than vice versa - which, incidentally is the story of the past recoveries from ice ages.

^ Darwall, Rupert (Summer 2014). "An Unsettling Climate". City Journal (New York City). Retrieved October 30, 2014. Another dissenter, the American atmospheric physicist Murry Salby...

^ "I cambi climatici e le loro cause, una discussione su alcuni punti chiave (Climate Change and Its Causes, A Discussion About Some Key Issues)" (PDF). La Chimica e l'Industria. 2010. pp. 70–75. Retrieved August 31, 2012. At least 60% of the warming of the Earth observed since 1970 appears to be induced by natural cycles which are present in the solar system. A climatic stabilization or cooling until 2030–2040 is forecast by the phenomenological model.

^ "Scafetta webpage".

^ Taylor, James (May 30, 2013). "Global Warming Alarmists Caught Doctoring '97-Percent Consensus' Claims". Forbes. Retrieved October 30, 2014. prominent, vigorous skeptic... Nicola Scafetta

^ Segalstad, Tom. "What is CO

2 – friend or foe?" (PDF). Retrieved July 4, 2009. The IPCC's temperature curve (the so-called 'hockey stick' curve) must be in error [...] All measurements of solar luminosity and 14C isotopes show that there is at present an increasing solar radiation which gives a warmer climate

^ Stratton, Allegra (November 20, 2009). "Climate change denial MEP attacks church". The Guardian. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Tom Segalstad, a Norwegian geologist who says human-released CO2 would not have a large effect on the climate

^ Shaviv, Nir. "Prof Nir Shaviv: The influence of cosmic radiation on the climate!". European Institute for Climate and Energy. Retrieved October 24, 2014. The story we hear from the IPCC is faulty in many respects

^ Taylor, James (May 30, 2013). "Global Warming Alarmists Caught Doctoring '97-Percent Consensus' Claims". Forbes. Retrieved October 30, 2014. prominent, vigorous skeptic... Nir Shaviv

^ Singer, S. Fred (April 22, 2005). "'Flat Earth Award' nominee's challenge to Chicken Littles". Christian Science Monitor. The greenhouse effect is real. However, the effect is minute, insignificant, and very difficult to detect.

^ "The Denial Machine (ABC Interview)". 2008. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Hosted here

^ "Climate of Doubt". PBS Frontline. October 23, 2012.

^ Mook, Dean (February 8, 2014). "Connecting the dots for climate skeptics". The Roanoke Times. Retrieved October 30, 2014. But, there are always skeptics. For one example among several, Fred Singer, retired University of Virginia professor of physics

^ William J Cromie (April 24, 2003). "Global warming is not so hot: 1003 was worse, researchers find". Harvard University Gazette. Retrieved August 26, 2011. there's increasingly strong evidence that previous research conclusions [...] may have been biased by underestimation of natural climate variations.

^ Rowland, Christopher (November 5, 2013). "Researcher helps sow climate-change doubt". The Boston Globe. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Willie Soon is a hero of the skeptical movement

^ "Testimony of Roy W. Spencer" (PDF). before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. July 22, 2008. Retrieved August 31, 2012. I predict that [scientists will realise] most of the climate change we have observed is natural, and that mankind’s role is relatively minor

^ Bachelard, Michaellast (September 11, 2011). "Majority report: why consensus is all the rage". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Internationally, sceptics look to climatologist Dr Roy Spencer

^ Svensmark, Henrik (2007). "Cosmoclimatology: a new theory emerges" (PDF). Astronomy & Geophysics. 48 (1): 18–24. Bibcode:2007A&G....48a..18S. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2007.48118.x. Retrieved December 19, 2011. The case for anthropogenic climate change during the 20th century rests primarily on the fact that concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases increased and so did global temperatures. Attempts to show that certain details in the climatic record confirm the greenhouse forcing (e.g. Mitchell et al. 2001) have been less than conclusive. By contrast, the hypothesis that changes in cloudiness obedient to cosmic rays help to force climate change predicts a distinctive signal that is in fact very easily observed, as an exception that proves the rule.

^ Nuccitelli, Dana (November 12, 2013). "Cosmic rays fall cosmically behind humans in explaining global warming". The Guardian. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Henrik Svensmark of the Danish National Space Institute is the main proponent of the hypothesis linking [comic rays] to global climate change

^ Tomlinson, Stuart (February 21, 2008). "Update: Controversial "State Climatologist" Steps Aside". OregonLive.com. Retrieved March 20, 2014. Taylor said he believes climate change is a combination of natural factor and human factors. "I don't deny that human activities affect climate change," he said. "But I believe up to now, natural variations have played a more important role than human activities.

^ Learn, Scott (January 26, 2012). "Presentation by global warming skeptics draws big crowd in Portland". The Oregonian. Retrieved October 30, 2014.

^ Veizer, Ján (2005). "Celestial Climate Driver: A Perspective from Four Billion Years of the Carbon Cycle". Geoscience Canada. 1. 32. Retrieved August 26, 2012. At this stage, two scenarios of potential human impact on climate appear feasible: (1) the standard IPCC model that advocates the leading role of greenhouse gases, particularly of CO

2, and (2) the alternative model that argues for celestial phenomena as the principal climate driver. The two scenarios are likely not even mutually exclusive, but a prioritization may result in different relative impact. Models and empirical observations are both indispensable tools of science, yet when discrepancies arise, observations should carry greater weight than theory. If so, the multitude of empirical observations favours celestial phenomena as the most important driver of terrestrial climate on most time scales, but time will be the final judge.

^ "Esteemed Ottawa scientist says cosmic rays, not greenhouse gases, cause global warming". Ottawa Citizen. March 16, 2006. Retrieved October 30, 2014.

^ Syun-Ichi, Akasofu (June 15, 2007). "On the Fundamental Defect in the IPCC's Approach to Global Warming Research by Syun-Ichi Akasofu". Climate Science: Roger Pielke Sr. wordpress.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012. [T]he method of study adopted by the International Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) is fundamentally flawed, resulting in a baseless conclusion: Most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations. Contrary to this statement ..., there is so far no definitive evidence that 'most' of the present warming is due to the greenhouse effect. ... [The IPCC] should have recognized that the range of observed natural changes should not be ignored, and thus their conclusion should be very tentative. The term 'most' in their conclusion is baseless.

^ Alford, Peter (March 14, 2009). "Japanese scientists cool on theories". The Australian. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Dr Akasofu and Tokyo Institute of Technology geology professor Shigenori Maruyama are highly critical of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's acceptance that hazardous global warming results mainly from man-made gas emissions.

^ "Climat: la prévention, oui, la peur, non" (in French). L'Express. May 10, 2006. Archived from the original on November 17, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2011. :The increase in the CO

2. Consider the water cycle and formation of various types of clouds, and the complex effects of industrial or agricultural dust. Or fluctuations of the intensity of the solar radiation on annual and century scale, which seem better correlated with heating effects than the variations of CO

2 content.

^ Lean, Geoffrey (June 19, 2009). "Conservatives have always been green". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 30, 2014. France's foremost climate sceptic, Claude Allègre

^ Balling, Robert (September 2003). "The Increase in Global Temperature: What it Does and Does Not Tell Us" (PDF). George C. Marshall Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2006. [I]t is very likely that the recent upward trend [in global surface temperature] is very real and that the upward signal is greater than any noise introduced from uncertainties in the record. However, the general error is most likely to be in the warming direction, with a maximum possible (though unlikely) value of 0.3 °C. ... At this moment in time we know only that: (1) Global surface temperatures have risen in recent decades. (2) Mid-tropospheric temperatures have warmed little over the same period. (3) This difference is not consistent with predictions from numerical climate models.

^ Carroll, Vincent (June 20, 2009). "Carroll: Skeptical of climate alarmists". The Denver Post. Retrieved October 30, 2014.

^ Jacobsen, Siw Ellen (February 29, 2008). "Pål Brekke: Internationally renowned climate sceptic and solar expert". The Research Council of Norway. The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) has determined that the earth's temperature has risen by about 0.7° C since 1901. According to Dr Brekke, this time period coincides not only with an increase in human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, but also with a higher level of solar activity, which makes it complicated to separate the effects of these two phenomena. [...] Dr Brekke has published more than 40 scientific articles on the sun and on the interaction between the sun and the earth. "We could be in for a surprise," he cautions. "It's possible that the sun plays an even more central role in global warming than we have suspected. Anyone who claims that the debate is over and the conclusions are firm has a fundamentally unscientific approach to one of the most momentous issues of our time."

^ Brekke, Paal (November 16, 2000). "Viewpoint: The Sun and climate change". BBC News. Natural processes involving changes in the Sun could have at least as powerful an effect on global temperature as increased emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2)...

^ Christy, John R.; Douglass, David H. (2009). "Limits on CO

2 Climate Forcing from Recent Temperature Data of Earth" (PDF). Energy & Environment. 20: 177–189. arXiv:0809.0581. doi:10.1260/095830509787689277. Retrieved June 17, 2011. ...the data show a small underlying positive trend that is consistent with CO

2 climate forcing with no-feedback. [...] There is disagreement in regard to the validity of the global warming hypothesis that states that there are positive feedback processes leading to gains g that are larger than 1, perhaps as large as 3 or 4. However, recent studies suggest that the values of g is much smaller.

^ Christy, John (November 1, 2007). "My Nobel Moment". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 2, 2007. ...I see neither the developing catastrophe nor the smoking gun proving that human activity is to blame for most of the warming we see. Rather, I see a reliance on climate models (useful but never "proof") and the coincidence that changes in carbon dioxide and global temperatures have loose similarity over time.

^ Sullivansept, Margaret (September 6, 2014). "Meant as Portraits, Seen as Hagiography". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2014. John Christy — a prominent climate-change skeptic

^ Petr Chylek (April 2002). "A Long Term Perspective on Climate Change" (PDF). Heartland.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2011. Carbon dioxide should not be considered as a dominant force behind the current warming...how much of the [temperature] increase can be ascribed to CO

2, to changes in solar activity, or to the natural variability of climate is uncertain

^ Borenstein, Seth (October 31, 2011). "Noted skeptic finds climate change real". The Journal Gazette. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Petr Chylek of Los Alamos National Lab, a noted skeptic

^ David Deming (December 6, 2006). "U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works, Hearing Statements". epw.senate.gov. Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2012. The amount of climatic warming that has taken place in the past 150 years is poorly constrained, and its cause – human or natural – is unknown. There is no sound scientific basis for predicting future climate change with any degree of certainty. If the climate does warm, it is likely to be beneficial to humanity rather than harmful. In my opinion, it would be foolish to establish national energy policy on the basis of misinformation and irrational hysteria.

^ Davis, Tony (December 6, 2009). "UA prof involved in Climategate replies to critics". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved October 30, 2014. longtime warming skeptic David Deming

^ Krueger, Curtis. Most urgent hurricane threat? Overdevelopment, not global warming. "The ongoing cycle of greater and lesser hurricane activity is not attributable to man-made global warming, Goldenberg says. In fact, he does not think humans are causing global warming." Tampa Bay Times. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2017.

^ "Stanley Goldenberg ICCC7". June 24, 2013. (3:59) They are making more strides in understanding el nino, but they cannot predict something like that one or two months in advance. And they are wanting me to believe a climate model projecting 50 years, 70 years in advance, enough said on that.

^ Idso, Craig D.; Idso, Keith E. (1998). "Carbon Dioxide and Global Warming". CO2science.org. Archived from the original on February 24, 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2014. ...there is no compelling reason to believe that the rise in temperature was caused by the rise in CO2. Furthermore, it is highly unlikely that future increases in the air's CO2 content will produce any global warming; for there are numerous problems with the popular hypothesis that links the two phenomena.

^ "U.S. House of Representatives Joint Hearing Before the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and the Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment of the Committee on Science: Is CO2 a Pollutant and does the EPA Have the Power to Regulate It?" (PDF). United States Government Printing Office. October 6, 1999. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ "Kary B. Mullis - Facts," Nobelprize.org, Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. Retrieved 9 July 2017.

^ Wade, Nicholas. "Scientist at Work/Kary Mullis; After the 'Eureka,' a Nobelist Drops Out," The New York Times, 15 Sept. 1998. Retrieved 8 July 2017. One line in Wades long peek into Mullis's life is, "He disputes the arguments that cholorfluorocarbons are depleting the ozone layer and that industrial waste gases may cause the climate to get hotter."

^ Mullis is known for his unorthodox views on astrology, AIDS, and recreational drugs. Carlson, Peter. "Nobel Chemist Kary Mullis, Making Waves as a Mind Surfer," The Washington Post, 3 Nov. 1998. Retrieved 9 July 2017. "On AIDS and Global Warming" (PDF).

^ "ZENIT - Global Warming Natural, Says Expert". zenit.org. April 27, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2012. it is not possible to exclude the idea that climate changes can be due to natural causes

^ Solomon, Lawrence (August 22, 2013). "Lawrence Solomon: Model mockery?". National Post. Retrieved October 28, 2014. climate change skeptics such as... Antonino Zichichi

^ Goklany, Indur M (2005). "A Climate Policy for the Short and Medium Term: Stabilization or Adaptation?". Energy & Environment. 16 (3–4): 667–680. doi:10.1260/0958305054672420.

^ Goklany, Indur M (2009). ""Is Climate Change the "Defining Challenge of Our Age?". Energy & Environment. 20 (3): 279–302. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.167.767. doi:10.1260/095830509788066439.

^ Goklany, Indur M., "Discounting the Future", Regulation, 32: 36-40 (Spring 2009).

^ Craig Idso. "A Science- Based Rebuttal to the Testimony of Al Gore before the United States Senate Environment & Public Works Committee" (PDF). Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. Retrieved August 26, 2012. The rising CO

2 content of the air should boost global plant productivity dramatically, enabling humanity to increase food, fiber and timber production and thereby continue to feed, clothe, and provide shelter for their still-increasing numbers ... this atmospheric CO

2-derived blessing is as sure as death and taxes.

^ Carpenter, Zoë (April 10, 2014). "This Sham Report Is What the Climate Movement Is Up Against?". The Nation. Retrieved October 28, 2014. climate change skeptic Craig Idso

^ Sherwood B. Idso, Craig D. Idso and Keith E. Idso (November 2003). "Enhanced or Impaired? Human Health in a CO2-Enriched Warmer World" (PDF). Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. p. 30. Retrieved August 26, 2012. [W]arming has been shown to positively impact human health, while atmospheric CO

2 enrichment has been shown to enhance the health-promoting properties of the food we eat, as well as stimulate the production of more of it. ... [W]e have nothing to fear from increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO

2 and global warming.

^ Gelbspan, Ross (March 22, 2001). "Bush's Global Warmers". The Nation. Retrieved October 28, 2014. Sherwood Idso, a longtime coal-sponsored global warming skeptic

^ Michaels, Patrick (October 16, 2003). "Posturing and Reality on Warming". CATO Institute. Retrieved June 10, 2009. Scientists know quite precisely how much the planet will warm in the foreseeable future, a modest three-quarters of a degree (Celsius), plus or minus a mere quarter-degree ... a modest warming is a likely benefit... human warming will be strongest and most obvious in very cold and dry air, such as in Siberia and northwestern North America in the dead of winter.

^ Gillis, Justin (February 10, 2014). "Freezing Out the Bigger Picture". New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2014. Patrick J. Michaels, a climate skeptic at the Cato Institute

^ Auer explains why he backs climate science coalition, New Zealand Press Association, April 30, 2006, the global warming argument, particularly with all the disastrous consequences that are being promulgated ... this is all a non-sustainable argument. In other words the facts will, in time, prove them to be wrong

^ "Global warming debunked". The Timaru Herald. May 19, 2007. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved June 11, 2007.

^

Jump up to:

a b "Wisconsin's Energy Cooperative". May 2007. Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved September 1, 2012. It's absurd. Of course [temperature's] going up. It has gone up since the early 1800s, before the Industrial Revolution, because we're coming out of the Little Ice Age, not because we're putting more carbon dioxide into the air.

^ "Is Warming Our Fault?". June 18, 2007. Archived from the original on May 22, 2009. Reid Bryson "is referred to as a global warming skeptic."

^ McLean, J. D.; de Freitas, C. R.; Carter, R. M. (2009). "Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research. 114 (D14): D14104. arXiv:0908.1828. Bibcode:2009JGRD..11414104M. doi:10.1029/2008JD011637.

^ "A little warming, a lot of hysteria". Washington Times. April 11, 2006. Retrieved November 1, 2014. professor [Robert Carter], writing in the London Daily Telegraph, does not dispute the evidence that we're in an era of rising temperatures. Who does? But he suggests that man exhibits considerable hubris—insolence, even—if he imagines that he's responsible.

^ Chris de Freitas (May 9, 2006). "Chris de Freitas: Evidence must prevail" (PDF). The New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2011. To support the argument that carbon dioxide is causing [global warming], the evidence would have to distinguish between human-caused and natural warming. This has not been done.

^ "Half of Kiwis doubt global warming: poll". New Zealand Herald. January 18, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2014. climate sceptic Chris de Freitas

^ Gray, Vincent R. (April 2008). "The Global Warming Scam" (PDF). Retrieved February 13, 2014.

^ Barton, Chris (November 4, 2006). "It's hype, hysteria and hot air says climate change nay-sayers". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved October 28, 2014.

^ Achenbach, Joel (May 28, 2006). "The Tempest". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: WPC. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved September 1, 2012. I am of the opinion that [global warming] is one of the greatest hoaxes ever perpetrated on the American people.

^ "Hurricane predictor will update forecast Wednesday". The Washington Post. September 27, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2014. Gray – who has gotten attention lately for calling global warming a hoax

^ "UNEP Sasakawa Prize". United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved April 3, 2017.

^ Izrael, Yuri A. (June 23, 2005). "Climate change: not a global threat". RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 1, 2017. there is no proven link between human activity and global warming

^ "Yuri Antonievich Izrael." Obituary by the World Meteorological Organization. © 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2017.

^ "The Marshall Institute – Founders". Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2012.

^ Oreskes, Naomi; Conway, Erik M. (2010). Merchants of doubt: How a handful of scientists obscured the truth on issues from tobacco smoke to global warming (1st U.S. ed.). New York: Bloomsbury Press. ISBN 978-1-59691-610-4.

^ Seitz, F. and Jastrow, R. (Dec 2001) Retrieved July 16, 2010 Do people cause global warming? Archived May 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine

^ Hal Lewis: My Resignation From The American Physical Society, October 8, 2010, GWPF site (archived copy accessed 12/30/13)

^ Chodos, Alan, ed. "APS Responds to Member’s Resignation over Climate Change," APS News, Nov. 2010, Vol. 19. No. 10. Retrieved 8 July 2017. Lewis is quoted calling "the global warming scam" a "pseudoscientific fraud."

^ Seitz, Frederick (December 1, 2001). "Do people cause global warming?". Heartland Institute Environment News. Retrieved August 25, 2012. So we see that the scientific facts indicate that all the temperature changes observed in the last 100 years were largely natural changes and were not caused by carbon dioxide produced in human activities.

^ Morano, Marc (December 11, 2008). "U. S. Senate Minority Report: More Than 700 International Scientists Dissent Over Man-Made Global Warming Claims". Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. Retrieved September 1, 2013.

^ "Global Warming Petition Project". Retrieved March 2, 2014.

^ 500 Scientists Whose Research Contradicts Man-Made Global Warming Scares, by Dennis T. Avery. From the Heartland Institute website; published September 14, 2007, accessed June 20, 2008.

^ Kaufman, Leslie (April 9, 2009). "Dissenter on Warming Expands His Campaign". New York Times.

^ McKnight, David (August 2, 2008). "The climate change smokescreen". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved December 28, 2009.

^ Grandia, Kevin (July 22, 2009). "The 30,000 Global Warming Petition Is Easily-Debunked Propaganda". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 2, 2014.

^ Global Warming? What a load of poppycock! by David Bellamy, Daily Mail 9 July 2004.

^ https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg18624950.100-glaciers-are-cool.html

^ Monbiot, George (May 10, 2005), Junk Science, London: Guardian.co.uk, retrieved November 7, 2008

^ Bellamy, David (May 29, 2005), In an Adverse Climate, London: Times Online, retrieved November 7, 2008

^ Wills Robinson (15 May 2014).Climate change scientist claims he has been forced from new job. Daily Mail.

^ Axel Bojanowski (May 12, 2014). Climate Change Debate: A Famous Scientist Becomes a Skeptic. Spiegel Online International.

^ "Episode 102 - Sputnik", Russia Today, 12 December 2015.

^ Corbyn, P. R. (1967). "The Size and Shape of Pebbles on Chesil Beach". The Geographical Journal. 133 (1): 54–55. doi:10.2307/1794365. JSTOR 1794365.

^ B.J. Wilson, S.J. Crockford, J.W. Johnson, R.S. Malhi, B.M. Kempae (August 5, 2011), "Genetic and archaeological evidence for a former breeding population of Aleutian Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii leucopareia) on Adak Island, central Aleutians, Alaska", Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89 (8): 732–743, doi:10.1139/z11-027

^ "Climate denier blogs ignore sea ice and polar bear science, study finds". November 29, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2018.

^ Susan J. Crockford, ICCC12-(Panel 3A Fossil Fuels and the Environment), I am here today to give you an example of the failed science that is used to convince uninformed people that burning fossil fuels has had and will continue to have harmful effects on the planet.

^ Curry, Judith A.; Webster, Peter J. (2011). "Climate Science and the Uncertainty Monster". Bureau of the American Meteorological Society. 175 (12): 1667–1682. Bibcode:2011BAMS...92.1667C. doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3139.1.

^ Curry, Judith A. (November 17, 2010). "Statement to the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the United States House of Representatives" (PDF). Retrieved October 25, 2014.

^ Curry, Judith A. (April 25, 2013). "Statement to the Subcommittee on Environment of the United States House of Representatives" (PDF). Retrieved October 25, 2014. [The IPCC AR4] estimate of equilibrium climate sensitivity is not easily reconciled with recent forcing estimates and observational data. There is increasing support for values of climate sensitivity around or below 2°C.

^ Mann, Michael E. (October 17, 2014). "Curry Advocates Against Action on Climate Change". Retrieved October 25, 2014.

^ "Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, U.Va. | Faculty".

^ Michaels, Patrick J.; Knappenberger, Paul C.; Frauenfeld, Oliver W.; Davis, Robert E. (2002). "Revised 21st century temperature projections". Climate Research. 23 (1): 1–9. Bibcode:2002ClRes..23....1M. doi:10.3354/cr023001. JSTOR 24868330.

^ https://www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/default/files/GlobalWarmingExtremeWeather.pdf

^ D'Aleo, Joseph. "The Storm of February" (PDF). National Weather Digest.

^ Lovley, Erika (November 25, 2008). "Tracking 'The Gore Effect'".

^ D'Aleo, Joseph (December 15, 2009). "Climategate: Something's Rotten in Denmark ... and East Anglia, Asheville, and New York City". The IPCC and their supported scientists have worked to remove the pesky Medieval Warm Period, the Little Ice Age, and the period emailer Tom Wigley referred to as the "warm 1940s blip," and to pump up the recent warm cycle.

^ Freeman Dyson, in correspondence with editor Steve Connor (February 25, 2011), "Letters to a heretic: An email conversation with climate change sceptic Professor Freeman Dyson", The Independent, First, the computer models are very good at solving the equations of fluid dynamics but very bad at describing the real world. [...] Sixth, summing up the other five reasons, the climate of the earth is an immensely complicated system and nobody is close to understanding it.

^

Jump up to:

a b c Epstein, Ethan (January 13, 2014). "What Catastrophe?". The Weekly Standard. Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2018. But Lindzen, plainly, is different. He can’t be dismissed. Nor, of course, is he the only skeptic with serious scientific credentials. Judith Curry, the chair of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at Georgia Tech, William Happer, professor of physics at Princeton, John Christy, a climate scientist honored by NASA, now at the University of Alabama, and the famed physicist Freeman Dyson are among dozens of scientists who have gone on record questioning various aspects of the IPCC’s line on climate change. Lindzen, for his part, has said that scientists have called him privately to thank him for the work he’s doing

^ Drollete, Dan Jr. "Brian Schmidt: Climate change is a real, existential threat that should be dealt with immediately," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 11 ov. 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2017. Brian Schmidt said, "He [Giaever] strongly believes that whatever is occurring [with regard to climate change] is not attributable to emissions of greenhouse gases."

^ Koonin, Steven (September 2014). "Climate Science Is Not Settled". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 13, 2014. [Many open questions] are not ″minor″ issues to be ″cleaned up″ by further research. Rather, they are deficiencies that erode confidence in the computer projections. [...They are] fundamental challenges to our understanding of human impacts on the climate, and they should not be dismissed with the mantra that 'climate science is settled.' While the past two decades have seen progress in climate science, the field is not yet mature enough to usefully answer the difficult and important questions being asked of it.

^ "Turn down heat on climate debate". Tampa Tribune. September 23, 2014.

^ "The Climate Science Isn't Settled", The Wall Street Journal Online, November 30, 2009, Claims that climate change is accelerating are bizarre. [...] The quality of the data is poor [...] The general support for warming is based not so much on the quality of the data, but rather on the fact that there was a little ice age from about the 15th to the 19th century.

^ "What Catastrophe?", The Weekly Standard, January 13, 2014, archived from the original on December 28, 2017

^ Zedillo, Ernesto, ed. (2008). Global Warming: Looking Beyond Kyoto. Brookings Institution Press. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-0-8157-9716-6.

^ Loehle, Craig (2004). "Climate change: detection and attribution of trends from long-term geologic data". Ecological Modelling. 171 (4): 433–450. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.08.013.

^ Carter, Bob (January 20, 2009). "Facts debunk global warming alarmism". The Australian. Retrieved May 11, 2014.

^ Loehle, Craig (2007). "A 2000 Year Global Temperature Reconstruction based on Non-Tree ring Proxies" (PDF). Energy & Environment. 18 (7 & 8): 1049–1058. doi:10.1260/095830507782616797.

^ Milloy, Steven (November 21, 2007). "U.N. Climate Distractions". Fox News Channel. Retrieved February 13, 2014. A new temperature reconstruction for the past 2,000 years created by Craig Loehle of the National Council for Air and Stream Improvement indicates that, 1,000 years ago, globally averaged temperature was about 0.3 degrees Celsius warmer than the current temperature.

^ Singer, S. Fred (January 9, 2010). "Index of Editorials Global Warming Junkscience". Science and Environmental Policy Project. Retrieved February 1, 2014.

^ "Skeptics, unite!". National Post. March 30, 2010. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2014.

^ Loehle, Craig; McCulloch, J. Huston (2008). "Correction to: A 2000-Year Global Temperature Reconstruction Based on Non-Tree Ring Proxies". Energy & Environment. 19 (1): 93–100. doi:10.1260/095830508783563109.

^ "Global Warming: IPCC Reviews & Critiques" page on Ross McKitrick's website.

^ McKitrick, Ross R., Stephen McIntyre and Chad Herman (2010) "Panel and Multivariate Methods for Tests of Trend Equivalence in Climate Data Sets". Atmospheric Science Letters, doi:10.1002/asl.290.

^ A.R. Lucas & P.A. Moore, The Utah Controversy: A Case Study of Public Participation in Pollution Control, Natural Resources Journal Vol. 36, Pages 46-47, 1973

^ Jacqueline Echevarria, Greenpeace Co-founder: CO2 does not cause global warming, Energy live News, October 15, 2015

^ Patrick Moore, Obama’s Half-Baked Alaska: Yes, the glacier of Glacier Bay is receding—as it has from time to time for centuries, The Wall Street Journal, September 3, 2015

^ Nils-Axel Mörner (March 30, 2005), Economics of Climate Change: 12-ii Session 2005–06 Evidence to Select Committee on Economic Affairs, II, The Stationery Office, p. 269, ISBN 9780104007167, In conclusion, observational data do not support the sea level rise scenario. On the contrary, they seriously contradict it.

^ Kelly, Jack. "The facts don't add up for human-caused global warming". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. prominent skeptics...Nils-Axel Mörner

^ Paltridge, Garth (2009). the Climate Caper. Connor Court Publishing. ISBN 978-1-921421-25-9. There are good and straightforward scientific reasons to believe that the burning of fossil fuel and consequent increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide will lead to an increase in the average temperature of the world above that which would otherwise be the case. Whether the increase will be large enough to be noticeable is still an unanswered question.

^ Bolt, Andrew (February 12, 2010). "Warmists are hot under the collar as scepticism rules". Herald Sun. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ "Roger Pielke Jr." article at sourcewatch.org, accessed on 2016-08-23.

^ Weinkle, J., R. Maue, and R. Pielke, Jr., 2012. Historical global tropical cyclone landfalls. Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00719.1.

^ "Denis Rancourt on climate science and on climate politics", Climate Guy Blog, February 23, 2014

^ Cockburn, A., "Dissidents Against Dogma", The Nation, 25 June 2007.

^ "Inhofe reveals how scientists and activists believe global warming has ‘co-opted’ the environmental movement," US Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, 26 October 2007 [1]

^ Newton, David E. (2014). Science and Political Controversy: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO. p. 156. ISBN 978-1610693196.

^ No Need to Panic About Global Warming. Wall Street Journal, January 27, 2012.

^ Phil Plait. "No Need to Worry About Global Warming, Folks: More Carbon Dioxide Will Be Awesome," Salon, 10 May 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2017. Plait wrote, "He [Schmitt] has a long history of flat-out denial of global warming."

^ Peter Stilbs & Åke Ortmark (January 12, 2014), Expressen, gå inte på klimatbluffen, IPCC gör ingen egen forskning, utan söker som grupp stöd för en given hypotes - att koldioxiden har en avgörande betydelse för jordens framtida klimat. Detta är egentligen ogörligt, då ingen ännu har klarlagt klimatsystemets naturliga variationer. Enligt de vetenskapliga principer som växt fram under hundratals år tyder de senaste 20 årens observationer snarare på att hypotesen är falsk. (Own translation to English: The IPCC does not make its own research, but is a group searching for a given hypothesis – that carbon dioxide is crucial for the earth’s future climate. This is actually impossible since nobody has yet clarifed the climate system’s natural variability. According to the scientific principles that have developed over hundreds of years, the last 20 years of observations rather indicate that the hypothesis is false.)

^ "Enögt fokus på CO2-utsläpp leder fel" (in Swedish). Göteborgs-Posten. February 1, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ Global Warming Is Not A Crisis, March 12, 2007, It is claimed, on the basis of computer models, that this should lead to 1.1 – 6.4 C warming. What is rarely noted is that we are already three-quarters of the way into this in terms of radiative forcing, but we have only witnessed a 0.6 (+/-0.2) C rise, and there is no reason to suppose that all of this is due to humans.

^ Glasse, Jennifer (December 5, 2009). "UN Panel to Investigate Claims Climate Change Scientists Suppressed Data". Voice of America. Retrieved November 1, 2014. Philip Stott, a professor in biogeography at the University of London and a climate change skeptic

^ Tennekes, Hendrik. "A Skeptical View of Climate Models" (PDF). The blind adherence to the harebrained idea that climate models can generate 'realistic' simulations of climate is the principal reason why I remain a climate skeptic.

^ Timmer, Edwin (February 13, 2010). "Het Gelijk Van Henk Tennekes" (in Dutch). De Telegraaf. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ Roberts, John (September 30, 2013). "UN's massive new climate report adds little explanation for 'pause' in warming". Fox News Channel. Retrieved October 10, 2014. “I know that the models are not adequate,” Tsonis told Fox News. “There are a lot of climate models out there. They don’t agree with each other – and they don’t agree with reality.”

^ Lee Bergquist & Thomas Content (March 25, 2009). "Natural forces stalling global warming, UWM pair say". Retrieved November 1, 2014. The findings of mathematicians Kyle L. Swanson and Anastasios Tsonis contradict the assumptions of many climate scientists... who say the planet is currently warming.

^ "Breaking Global Warming Taboos: 'I Feel Duped on Climate Change'". Spiegel Online. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2014. CO2 alone will never cause a warming of more than 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century. Only with the help of supposed amplification effects, especially water vapor, do the computers arrive at a drastic temperature increase.

^ Delingpole, James (June 16, 2012). "It's no wonder the world's cooling on climate change". Daily Mail. Retrieved November 1, 2014. leading German green - former activist and Hamburg state environment senator Prof Fritz Vahrenholt. The evidence for man-made global warming is looking shakier by the day, Germany's answer to Jonathon Porritt or George Monbiot admitted. Far more likely a culprit is the sun.

^ Meehl, G.A.; W.M. Washington; C.A. Ammann; J.M. Arblaster; T.M.L. Wigleym; C. Tebaldi (2004). "Combinations of Natural and Anthropogenic Forcings in Twentieth-Century Climate" (PDF). Journal of Climate. 17 (19): 3721–3727. Bibcode:2004JCli...17.3721M. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2004)0172.0.CO;2.

^ "Russian academic says CO2 not to blame for global warming". Russian International News Agency. January 15, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2012. Global warming results not from the emission of greenhouse gases [...], but from an unusually high level of solar radiation and [...] growth in its intensity.

^ "Change climate change!". Hindustan Times. January 19, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2014. A Russian astronomer named Khabibullo Abdusamatov from St Petersburg has predicted the next ice age will start between 2035 and 2045 due to a decline in solar activity

^ Baliunas, Sallie (August 2002). "Warming Up to the Truth". The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved August 31, 2012.

^ Baliunas, Sallie; Willie Soon (August 22, 2002). "Global Warming Science vs. Computer Model Speculation: Just Ask the Experts". Capitalism Magazine. Retrieved August 31, 2012. [T]he recent warming trend in the surface temperature record cannot be caused by the increase of human-made greenhouse gases in the air.

^ Rowland, Christopher (November 5, 2013). "Researcher helps sow climate-change doubt". Boston Globe. Retrieved November 1, 2014. prominent climate-change doubter, Sallie Baliunas, who was studying variations in solar radiation

^ Coren, Michael (February 13, 2010). "Climatology expert threatened for climate change views". Toronto Sun. Retrieved March 6, 2014. There has always been and always will be climate change, but it has very little to do with human activity and has nothing at all to do with pollution of course.

^ Plumer, Bradford (February 7, 2007). "The dire global cooling problem". The Guardian. Retrieved November 1, 2014. global warming-skeptic Timothy Ball

^ Dyck, M.G.; Soon, W.; Baydack, R.K.; Legates, D.R.; Baliunas, S.; Ball, T.F.; Hancock, L.O. (2007). "Polar bears of western Hudson Bay and climate change: Are warming spring air temperatures the "ultimate" survival control factor" (PDF). Ecological Complexity. 4 (3): 73–84. doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2007.03.002.

^ Ian Clark (March 22, 2004). "Letter to the editor of The Hill Times". Natural Resources Stewardship Project. Archived from the original on February 10, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2011. We know that [the sun] was responsible for climate change in the past, and so is clearly going to play the lead role in present and future climate change. And interestingly... solar activity has recently begun a downward cycle.

^ Huberman, Joel A. (October 6, 2007). "Skeptics need to be held to scientific standards, too". The Buffalo News. Archived from the original on April 9, 2017. Harris and [Ian] Clark are global warming "skeptics."Retrieved =8 April 2017.

^ Article in Earth and Planetary Science Letters (EPSL) entitled “Are there connections between the Earth's magnetic field and climate?” by V. Courtillot, Y. Gallet, J.-L. Le Mouël, F. Fluteau, A. Genevey (2007) EPSL 253, 328.

^ "Doug Edmeades: Why I'm a global warming sceptic".

^ Phillip V Brennan (December 10, 2007). "New Study Explodes Human-Global Warming Story". Newsmax.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2011. [...]observed increases in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases make only a negligible contribution to climate warming.

^ Asten, Michael (December 29, 2009). "More evidence CO2 not culprit". The Australian. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ Easterbrook, Don (October 22–25, 2006). "The Cause of Global Warming and Predictions for the Coming Century". Philadelphia Annual Meeting. Retrieved August 31, 2012. Because the warming periods in these oscillations [of glaciers] occurred well before atmospheric CO

2 began to rise rapidly in the 1940s, they could not have been caused by increased atmospheric CO

2, and global warming since 1900 could well have happened without any effect of CO

2. If the cycles continue as in the past, the current warm cycle should end soon[...]

^ "The views of retired geology professor Don Easterbrook are considered in the minority". March 26, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014. ...global warming skeptic who argued that federal scientists have been manipulating climate data to inflate temperatures. The views of retired geology professor Don Easterbrook are considered in the minority.

^ Raymond Brusca (January 12, 2009). "Professor denies global warming theory". [Global warming] probably has little to do with carbon dioxide, just like past warmings had little to do with carbon dioxide

^ "Google Translate".

^ Halfdan Carstens (2013). "Klimatolog i hardt vær". Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 9, 2014. Based on my own observations of how the climate varies naturally, I am skeptical of the CO2 hypothesis (own translation from Norwegian)

^ Prestrud, Pal (October 18, 2011). "Questionable climate debate" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. Retrieved October 31, 2014.

^ Wibjörn Karlén (January 7, 2010). "Lilla istiden kan redan vara här". Retrieved January 16, 2014. After a long time of studying climate variations, I have come to the conclusion that the space weather suggests that we are more likely heading towards a colder period than a warmer. (own translation from Swedish)

^ "Skeptics from a range of scientific disciplines get louder in their opposition to doomsday claims". Orange County Register. January 1, 2008. Retrieved October 31, 2014.

^ William Kininmonth, Climate Change: A Natural Hazard (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on August 28, 2007, retrieved August 26, 2011, Natural variability of the climate system has been underestimated by IPCC and has, to now, dominated human influences.

^ Shand, Adam (January 10, 2013). "Heat likely to return despite southerlies - NATURE'S FURY -". The Australian. Retrieved October 31, 2014. William Kininmonth, a noted climate change sceptic (Subscription required.)

^ Legates, David (May 2006). "Climate Science: Climate Change and Its Impacts". National Center for Policy Analysis. Retrieved August 31, 2012. About half of the warming during the 20th century occurred prior to the 1940s, and natural variability accounts for all or nearly all of the warming.

^ Montgomery, Jeff (March 19, 2013). "Climate change skeptics say 'sick' science distorts facts". USA Today. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Professor David Legates of the University of Delaware, a former climatologist for the state, bluntly rejected leading climate change claims

^ Silvey, Janese (March 5, 2012). "Professor details role as climate consultant". Columbia Tribune. Retrieved April 15, 2014. There's no doubt the climate is changing; that's a given," he said. "But the question is: What's causing it. Is it mankind alone, which a lot of people say? Is it some mix of man and nature? Or is it nature? I would say nature is mostly responsible. There may be a role for man in there somewhere, but how much, I don't know.

^ Gerken, James (August 28, 2014). "Utility-Sponsored Teacher Training At Mizzou Brings Climate Skepticism And Anti-EPA Message". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2014.

^ Melissa Fyfe, "Cool reception for new green group", The Age, 8 June 2005.

^ "Research pair suggest global warming almost completely natural (Update)".

^ Robinson, Cindy (Spring 2005). "Global warning? Controversy heats up in the scientific community". Carleton University Magazine. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved August 31, 2012. There is no global warming due to human anthropogenic activities.

^ Montgomery, Charles (August 12, 2006). "Nurturing doubt about climate change is big business". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Canada's most vocal climate skeptics...University of Ottawa lecturer Tad Murty

^ Patterson, Timothy (June 2007). "Read the Sunspots". Financial Post.

^ "He's in the hot seat". Edmonton Journal. September 23, 2007. Retrieved October 31, 2014. The main driver of climate change, [Tim Patterson] believes, is a combination of solar changes (well-known cycles of the sun's intensity) as well as cosmic rays.

^ "Wild weather ignites climate change debate". Lateline. Australian Broadcasting Company. August 15, 2002. Natural climate changes occur unrelated to carbon dioxide contents.

^ Manning, Paddy (November 26, 2012). "Roy Hill to push through pain". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Mr Plimer, a noted climate sceptic

^ Robinson, Arthur B. (1997). "Science Has Spoken: Global Warming is a Myth" (PDF). Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved February 18, 2014. we needn't worry about human use of hydrocarbons warming the Earth. We also needn't worry about environmental calamities, even if the current, natural warming trend continues: After all the Earth has been much warmer during the past 3,000 years without ill effects.

^ Gaston, Christian (August 10, 2013). "Former Peter DeFazio opponent Art Robinson elected to lead Oregon Republican Party". The Oregonian. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Robinson, a chemist and outspoken skeptic of human-caused global warming

^ Bolt, Andrew (August 3, 2011). "New research: warmth produces these carbon dioxide concentrations". Herald Sun. Retrieved April 2, 2014. Salby...suggests that its warmth which tends to produce more CO2, rather than vice versa - which, incidentally is the story of the past recoveries from ice ages.

^ Darwall, Rupert (Summer 2014). "An Unsettling Climate". City Journal (New York City). Retrieved October 30, 2014. Another dissenter, the American atmospheric physicist Murry Salby...

^ "I cambi climatici e le loro cause, una discussione su alcuni punti chiave (Climate Change and Its Causes, A Discussion About Some Key Issues)" (PDF). La Chimica e l'Industria. 2010. pp. 70–75. Retrieved August 31, 2012. At least 60% of the warming of the Earth observed since 1970 appears to be induced by natural cycles which are present in the solar system. A climatic stabilization or cooling until 2030–2040 is forecast by the phenomenological model.

^ "Scafetta webpage".

^ Taylor, James (May 30, 2013). "Global Warming Alarmists Caught Doctoring '97-Percent Consensus' Claims". Forbes. Retrieved October 30, 2014. prominent, vigorous skeptic... Nicola Scafetta

^ Segalstad, Tom. "What is CO

2 – friend or foe?" (PDF). Retrieved July 4, 2009. The IPCC's temperature curve (the so-called 'hockey stick' curve) must be in error [...] All measurements of solar luminosity and 14C isotopes show that there is at present an increasing solar radiation which gives a warmer climate

^ Stratton, Allegra (November 20, 2009). "Climate change denial MEP attacks church". The Guardian. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Tom Segalstad, a Norwegian geologist who says human-released CO2 would not have a large effect on the climate

^ Shaviv, Nir. "Prof Nir Shaviv: The influence of cosmic radiation on the climate!". European Institute for Climate and Energy. Retrieved October 24, 2014. The story we hear from the IPCC is faulty in many respects

^ Taylor, James (May 30, 2013). "Global Warming Alarmists Caught Doctoring '97-Percent Consensus' Claims". Forbes. Retrieved October 30, 2014. prominent, vigorous skeptic... Nir Shaviv

^ Singer, S. Fred (April 22, 2005). "'Flat Earth Award' nominee's challenge to Chicken Littles". Christian Science Monitor. The greenhouse effect is real. However, the effect is minute, insignificant, and very difficult to detect.

^ "The Denial Machine (ABC Interview)". 2008. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Hosted here

^ "Climate of Doubt". PBS Frontline. October 23, 2012.

^ Mook, Dean (February 8, 2014). "Connecting the dots for climate skeptics". The Roanoke Times. Retrieved October 30, 2014. But, there are always skeptics. For one example among several, Fred Singer, retired University of Virginia professor of physics

^ William J Cromie (April 24, 2003). "Global warming is not so hot: 1003 was worse, researchers find". Harvard University Gazette. Retrieved August 26, 2011. there's increasingly strong evidence that previous research conclusions [...] may have been biased by underestimation of natural climate variations.

^ Rowland, Christopher (November 5, 2013). "Researcher helps sow climate-change doubt". The Boston Globe. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Willie Soon is a hero of the skeptical movement

^ "Testimony of Roy W. Spencer" (PDF). before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. July 22, 2008. Retrieved August 31, 2012. I predict that [scientists will realise] most of the climate change we have observed is natural, and that mankind’s role is relatively minor

^ Bachelard, Michaellast (September 11, 2011). "Majority report: why consensus is all the rage". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Internationally, sceptics look to climatologist Dr Roy Spencer

^ Svensmark, Henrik (2007). "Cosmoclimatology: a new theory emerges" (PDF). Astronomy & Geophysics. 48 (1): 18–24. Bibcode:2007A&G....48a..18S. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2007.48118.x. Retrieved December 19, 2011. The case for anthropogenic climate change during the 20th century rests primarily on the fact that concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases increased and so did global temperatures. Attempts to show that certain details in the climatic record confirm the greenhouse forcing (e.g. Mitchell et al. 2001) have been less than conclusive. By contrast, the hypothesis that changes in cloudiness obedient to cosmic rays help to force climate change predicts a distinctive signal that is in fact very easily observed, as an exception that proves the rule.

^ Nuccitelli, Dana (November 12, 2013). "Cosmic rays fall cosmically behind humans in explaining global warming". The Guardian. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Henrik Svensmark of the Danish National Space Institute is the main proponent of the hypothesis linking [comic rays] to global climate change

^ Tomlinson, Stuart (February 21, 2008). "Update: Controversial "State Climatologist" Steps Aside". OregonLive.com. Retrieved March 20, 2014. Taylor said he believes climate change is a combination of natural factor and human factors. "I don't deny that human activities affect climate change," he said. "But I believe up to now, natural variations have played a more important role than human activities.

^ Learn, Scott (January 26, 2012). "Presentation by global warming skeptics draws big crowd in Portland". The Oregonian. Retrieved October 30, 2014.

^ Veizer, Ján (2005). "Celestial Climate Driver: A Perspective from Four Billion Years of the Carbon Cycle". Geoscience Canada. 1. 32. Retrieved August 26, 2012. At this stage, two scenarios of potential human impact on climate appear feasible: (1) the standard IPCC model that advocates the leading role of greenhouse gases, particularly of CO

2, and (2) the alternative model that argues for celestial phenomena as the principal climate driver. The two scenarios are likely not even mutually exclusive, but a prioritization may result in different relative impact. Models and empirical observations are both indispensable tools of science, yet when discrepancies arise, observations should carry greater weight than theory. If so, the multitude of empirical observations favours celestial phenomena as the most important driver of terrestrial climate on most time scales, but time will be the final judge.

^ "Esteemed Ottawa scientist says cosmic rays, not greenhouse gases, cause global warming". Ottawa Citizen. March 16, 2006. Retrieved October 30, 2014.

^ Syun-Ichi, Akasofu (June 15, 2007). "On the Fundamental Defect in the IPCC's Approach to Global Warming Research by Syun-Ichi Akasofu". Climate Science: Roger Pielke Sr. wordpress.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012. [T]he method of study adopted by the International Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) is fundamentally flawed, resulting in a baseless conclusion: Most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations. Contrary to this statement ..., there is so far no definitive evidence that 'most' of the present warming is due to the greenhouse effect. ... [The IPCC] should have recognized that the range of observed natural changes should not be ignored, and thus their conclusion should be very tentative. The term 'most' in their conclusion is baseless.

^ Alford, Peter (March 14, 2009). "Japanese scientists cool on theories". The Australian. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Dr Akasofu and Tokyo Institute of Technology geology professor Shigenori Maruyama are highly critical of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's acceptance that hazardous global warming results mainly from man-made gas emissions.

^ "Climat: la prévention, oui, la peur, non" (in French). L'Express. May 10, 2006. Archived from the original on November 17, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2011. :The increase in the CO

2 content of the atmosphere is an observed fact and mankind is most certainly responsible. In the long term, this increase will without doubt become harmful, but its exact role in the climate is less clear. Various parameters appear more important than CO

2. Consider the water cycle and formation of various types of clouds, and the complex effects of industrial or agricultural dust. Or fluctuations of the intensity of the solar radiation on annual and century scale, which seem better correlated with heating effects than the variations of CO

2 content.

^ Lean, Geoffrey (June 19, 2009). "Conservatives have always been green". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 30, 2014. France's foremost climate sceptic, Claude Allègre

^ Balling, Robert (September 2003). "The Increase in Global Temperature: What it Does and Does Not Tell Us" (PDF). George C. Marshall Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2006. [I]t is very likely that the recent upward trend [in global surface temperature] is very real and that the upward signal is greater than any noise introduced from uncertainties in the record. However, the general error is most likely to be in the warming direction, with a maximum possible (though unlikely) value of 0.3 °C. ... At this moment in time we know only that: (1) Global surface temperatures have risen in recent decades. (2) Mid-tropospheric temperatures have warmed little over the same period. (3) This difference is not consistent with predictions from numerical climate models.

^ Carroll, Vincent (June 20, 2009). "Carroll: Skeptical of climate alarmists". The Denver Post. Retrieved October 30, 2014.

^ Jacobsen, Siw Ellen (February 29, 2008). "Pål Brekke: Internationally renowned climate sceptic and solar expert". The Research Council of Norway. The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) has determined that the earth's temperature has risen by about 0.7° C since 1901. According to Dr Brekke, this time period coincides not only with an increase in human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, but also with a higher level of solar activity, which makes it complicated to separate the effects of these two phenomena. [...] Dr Brekke has published more than 40 scientific articles on the sun and on the interaction between the sun and the earth. "We could be in for a surprise," he cautions. "It's possible that the sun plays an even more central role in global warming than we have suspected. Anyone who claims that the debate is over and the conclusions are firm has a fundamentally unscientific approach to one of the most momentous issues of our time."

^ Brekke, Paal (November 16, 2000). "Viewpoint: The Sun and climate change". BBC News. Natural processes involving changes in the Sun could have at least as powerful an effect on global temperature as increased emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2)...

^ Christy, John R.; Douglass, David H. (2009). "Limits on CO

2 Climate Forcing from Recent Temperature Data of Earth" (PDF). Energy & Environment. 20: 177–189. arXiv:0809.0581. doi:10.1260/095830509787689277. Retrieved June 17, 2011. ...the data show a small underlying positive trend that is consistent with CO

2 climate forcing with no-feedback. [...] There is disagreement in regard to the validity of the global warming hypothesis that states that there are positive feedback processes leading to gains g that are larger than 1, perhaps as large as 3 or 4. However, recent studies suggest that the values of g is much smaller.

^ Christy, John (November 1, 2007). "My Nobel Moment". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 2, 2007. ...I see neither the developing catastrophe nor the smoking gun proving that human activity is to blame for most of the warming we see. Rather, I see a reliance on climate models (useful but never "proof") and the coincidence that changes in carbon dioxide and global temperatures have loose similarity over time.

^ Sullivansept, Margaret (September 6, 2014). "Meant as Portraits, Seen as Hagiography". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2014. John Christy — a prominent climate-change skeptic

^ Petr Chylek (April 2002). "A Long Term Perspective on Climate Change" (PDF). Heartland.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2011. Carbon dioxide should not be considered as a dominant force behind the current warming...how much of the [temperature] increase can be ascribed to CO

2, to changes in solar activity, or to the natural variability of climate is uncertain

^ Borenstein, Seth (October 31, 2011). "Noted skeptic finds climate change real". The Journal Gazette. Retrieved October 30, 2014. Petr Chylek of Los Alamos National Lab, a noted skeptic

^ David Deming (December 6, 2006). "U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works, Hearing Statements". epw.senate.gov. Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2012. The amount of climatic warming that has taken place in the past 150 years is poorly constrained, and its cause – human or natural – is unknown. There is no sound scientific basis for predicting future climate change with any degree of certainty. If the climate does warm, it is likely to be beneficial to humanity rather than harmful. In my opinion, it would be foolish to establish national energy policy on the basis of misinformation and irrational hysteria.

^ Davis, Tony (December 6, 2009). "UA prof involved in Climategate replies to critics". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved October 30, 2014. longtime warming skeptic David Deming

^ Krueger, Curtis. Most urgent hurricane threat? Overdevelopment, not global warming. "The ongoing cycle of greater and lesser hurricane activity is not attributable to man-made global warming, Goldenberg says. In fact, he does not think humans are causing global warming." Tampa Bay Times. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2017.

^ "Stanley Goldenberg ICCC7". June 24, 2013. (3:59) They are making more strides in understanding el nino, but they cannot predict something like that one or two months in advance. And they are wanting me to believe a climate model projecting 50 years, 70 years in advance, enough said on that.

^ Idso, Craig D.; Idso, Keith E. (1998). "Carbon Dioxide and Global Warming". CO2science.org. Archived from the original on February 24, 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2014. ...there is no compelling reason to believe that the rise in temperature was caused by the rise in CO2. Furthermore, it is highly unlikely that future increases in the air's CO2 content will produce any global warming; for there are numerous problems with the popular hypothesis that links the two phenomena.

^ "U.S. House of Representatives Joint Hearing Before the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and the Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment of the Committee on Science: Is CO2 a Pollutant and does the EPA Have the Power to Regulate It?" (PDF). United States Government Printing Office. October 6, 1999. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

^ "Kary B. Mullis - Facts," Nobelprize.org, Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. Retrieved 9 July 2017.

^ Wade, Nicholas. "Scientist at Work/Kary Mullis; After the 'Eureka,' a Nobelist Drops Out," The New York Times, 15 Sept. 1998. Retrieved 8 July 2017. One line in Wades long peek into Mullis's life is, "He disputes the arguments that cholorfluorocarbons are depleting the ozone layer and that industrial waste gases may cause the climate to get hotter."

^ Mullis is known for his unorthodox views on astrology, AIDS, and recreational drugs. Carlson, Peter. "Nobel Chemist Kary Mullis, Making Waves as a Mind Surfer," The Washington Post, 3 Nov. 1998. Retrieved 9 July 2017. "On AIDS and Global Warming" (PDF).

^ "ZENIT - Global Warming Natural, Says Expert". zenit.org. April 27, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2012. it is not possible to exclude the idea that climate changes can be due to natural causes

^ Solomon, Lawrence (August 22, 2013). "Lawrence Solomon: Model mockery?". National Post. Retrieved October 28, 2014. climate change skeptics such as... Antonino Zichichi

^ Goklany, Indur M (2005). "A Climate Policy for the Short and Medium Term: Stabilization or Adaptation?". Energy & Environment. 16 (3–4): 667–680. doi:10.1260/0958305054672420.

^ Goklany, Indur M (2009). ""Is Climate Change the "Defining Challenge of Our Age?". Energy & Environment. 20 (3): 279–302. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.167.767. doi:10.1260/095830509788066439.

^ Goklany, Indur M., "Discounting the Future", Regulation, 32: 36-40 (Spring 2009).

^ Craig Idso. "A Science- Based Rebuttal to the Testimony of Al Gore before the United States Senate Environment & Public Works Committee" (PDF). Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. Retrieved August 26, 2012. The rising CO

2 content of the air should boost global plant productivity dramatically, enabling humanity to increase food, fiber and timber production and thereby continue to feed, clothe, and provide shelter for their still-increasing numbers ... this atmospheric CO

2-derived blessing is as sure as death and taxes.

^ Carpenter, Zoë (April 10, 2014). "This Sham Report Is What the Climate Movement Is Up Against?". The Nation. Retrieved October 28, 2014. climate change skeptic Craig Idso

^ Sherwood B. Idso, Craig D. Idso and Keith E. Idso (November 2003). "Enhanced or Impaired? Human Health in a CO2-Enriched Warmer World" (PDF). Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. p. 30. Retrieved August 26, 2012. [W]arming has been shown to positively impact human health, while atmospheric CO

2 enrichment has been shown to enhance the health-promoting properties of the food we eat, as well as stimulate the production of more of it. ... [W]e have nothing to fear from increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO

2 and global warming.

^ Gelbspan, Ross (March 22, 2001). "Bush's Global Warmers". The Nation. Retrieved October 28, 2014. Sherwood Idso, a longtime coal-sponsored global warming skeptic

^ Michaels, Patrick (October 16, 2003). "Posturing and Reality on Warming". CATO Institute. Retrieved June 10, 2009. Scientists know quite precisely how much the planet will warm in the foreseeable future, a modest three-quarters of a degree (Celsius), plus or minus a mere quarter-degree ... a modest warming is a likely benefit... human warming will be strongest and most obvious in very cold and dry air, such as in Siberia and northwestern North America in the dead of winter.

^ Gillis, Justin (February 10, 2014). "Freezing Out the Bigger Picture". New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2014. Patrick J. Michaels, a climate skeptic at the Cato Institute

^ Auer explains why he backs climate science coalition, New Zealand Press Association, April 30, 2006, the global warming argument, particularly with all the disastrous consequences that are being promulgated ... this is all a non-sustainable argument. In other words the facts will, in time, prove them to be wrong

^ "Global warming debunked". The Timaru Herald. May 19, 2007. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved June 11, 2007.

^

Jump up to:

a b "Wisconsin's Energy Cooperative". May 2007. Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved September 1, 2012. It's absurd. Of course [temperature's] going up. It has gone up since the early 1800s, before the Industrial Revolution, because we're coming out of the Little Ice Age, not because we're putting more carbon dioxide into the air.

^ "Is Warming Our Fault?". June 18, 2007. Archived from the original on May 22, 2009. Reid Bryson "is referred to as a global warming skeptic."

^ McLean, J. D.; de Freitas, C. R.; Carter, R. M. (2009). "Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research. 114 (D14): D14104. arXiv:0908.1828. Bibcode:2009JGRD..11414104M. doi:10.1029/2008JD011637.

^ "A little warming, a lot of hysteria". Washington Times. April 11, 2006. Retrieved November 1, 2014. professor [Robert Carter], writing in the London Daily Telegraph, does not dispute the evidence that we're in an era of rising temperatures. Who does? But he suggests that man exhibits considerable hubris—insolence, even—if he imagines that he's responsible.

^ Chris de Freitas (May 9, 2006). "Chris de Freitas: Evidence must prevail" (PDF). The New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2011. To support the argument that carbon dioxide is causing [global warming], the evidence would have to distinguish between human-caused and natural warming. This has not been done.

^ "Half of Kiwis doubt global warming: poll". New Zealand Herald. January 18, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2014. climate sceptic Chris de Freitas

^ Gray, Vincent R. (April 2008). "The Global Warming Scam" (PDF). Retrieved February 13, 2014.

^ Barton, Chris (November 4, 2006). "It's hype, hysteria and hot air says climate change nay-sayers". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved October 28, 2014.

^ Achenbach, Joel (May 28, 2006). "The Tempest". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: WPC. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved September 1, 2012. I am of the opinion that [global warming] is one of the greatest hoaxes ever perpetrated on the American people.

^ "Hurricane predictor will update forecast Wednesday". The Washington Post. September 27, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2014. Gray – who has gotten attention lately for calling global warming a hoax

^ "UNEP Sasakawa Prize". United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved April 3, 2017.

^ Izrael, Yuri A. (June 23, 2005). "Climate change: not a global threat". RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 1, 2017. there is no proven link between human activity and global warming

^ "Yuri Antonievich Izrael." Obituary by the World Meteorological Organization. © 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2017.

^ "The Marshall Institute – Founders". Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2012.

^ Oreskes, Naomi; Conway, Erik M. (2010). Merchants of doubt: How a handful of scientists obscured the truth on issues from tobacco smoke to global warming (1st U.S. ed.). New York: Bloomsbury Press. ISBN 978-1-59691-610-4.

^ Seitz, F. and Jastrow, R. (Dec 2001) Retrieved July 16, 2010 Do people cause global warming? Archived May 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine

^ Hal Lewis: My Resignation From The American Physical Society, October 8, 2010, GWPF site (archived copy accessed 12/30/13)

^ Chodos, Alan, ed. "APS Responds to Member’s Resignation over Climate Change," APS News, Nov. 2010, Vol. 19. No. 10. Retrieved 8 July 2017. Lewis is quoted calling "the global warming scam" a "pseudoscientific fraud."

^ Seitz, Frederick (December 1, 2001). "Do people cause global warming?". Heartland Institute Environment News. Retrieved August 25, 2012. So we see that the scientific facts indicate that all the temperature changes observed in the last 100 years were largely natural changes and were not caused by carbon dioxide produced in human activities.

horsehouse

The mind-boggling reference list provided, if read by the contributor, should give him a PHd in the field of climate change. I doubt it. It is a good snow job however. My intent is not to examine each of the references but to randomly pick a few. I do review the other’s position, within reason.



The contributor’s rebuttal focuses on those who object to the the conclusions of the IPPC climate projections. If being a contrarian is one’s purpose in life then success can be achieved by never opening one’s mind to the current scientific consensus.



The current scientific consensus is that:

Earth’s climate has warmed significantly since the late 1800s.

Human activities (primarily greenhouse gas emissions) are the primary cause.

Continuing emissions will increase the likelihood and severity fo global effects.

People and actions can act individually and collectively to slow the pace of global warming, while also preparing for unavoidable climate change and its consequences.



Of course there will be disagreements on many topics. Think about arguments made against getting a measles vaccine. Consensus says get the vaccine. The contrarians get to make a big stink and feel superior in their judgement. Oh well.



I could go on and on about how many of the provided references are interesting. Like the former Greenpeace past president saying that the environmental movement abandoned science in favor of emotion and sensationalism. It is interesting that he is a paid spokesman for various polluting industries including timber, mining, chemical and the aquaculture industries.



Randomly I chose to check out one reading reference provided; Merchants of Doubt by Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway. It tells about how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists, with extensive political connections, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge. They detail the “dark corner’ of the American scientific community, showing how the ideology of free market fundamentalism has skewed public understanding when it comes to tobacco, acid rain, the ozone hole, global warming, and DDT. Oh, by the way, this book is recommended reading by Al Gore. Thanks for that reference!!!!!! MerchantofDoubt.org.



I will add that 90% of papers skeptical on climate change originate from right-wind think tanks. Therefore you have a solid 10% on your side.

BBB

Let's take a glance at Arthur B. Robinson, one of the climate deniers TTJ has cited in his weak response to refute climate chaange. Dr. Robinson was once a well respected biochemist, conducting medical research in the early 70's. This included work with Linus Pauling , and eventually being named president of the Pauling Institute.His tenure with the institute ended over a disagreement with a Linus Pauling.



Robinson moved to Oregon and founded the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine in 1980. He created the Oregon Petition to refute the Kyoto Protocol. His list was highly discounted because most of signers held degrees in engeneering. The petition website was easily pranked with entries from Charles Darwin and the Spice Girl names. This was in the 90's.



Robinson has made five unsuccessful runs for US Congress, and accepted financing from Robert Mercer. Robinson was once a man of science, but through the years has becone climate denier and political gadfly. That's the best you can offer TTJ? Even the folks at Exxon no we have a problem.

Mike

Eh Bill, how's the Antarctic ice doing?

bill jenkins

when i lit up my computer this morning i found the biggest pile of mumbo jumbo you could imagine. i can only assume it's about the land of Scott, Amundsen and Shackleton. the sixth of six continents. the one that's really really cold.i also assume it argues it's not effected by climate change. NASA published a diagram showing that about 2008 the ice mass of Antarctica is decreasing and the trend has accelerated since then. also NASA study published this july shows the Antarctic sea ice is decreasing. now you can believe anything you like but i'll put my money on NASA. they have the satellites and the knowhow. b4 anyone brings it up, Jay Swally predicted deniers would cherry pick and distort his study when he published it. in the end the seas are rising. just ask the Marshall Islanders, the Bangladeshis and the Inuits. we are safe here at 3000 feet elevation, so why worry?


TwoToeJoe

Maybe someone should had never asked a dumb question such as "where is your science"! Maybe we should start at the beginning again. The push for the chain of climate change deceit and lies was started by Michael Mann. Poor Michael Mann the father of the IPPC UN report that began the climate change alarmist platform sued Tim Ball for libel because he stated Michael should be in the State Pen instead of Penn State. He lost his case by contempt of court because he would not release his data derived from public funding and stating his data was proprietary and not available for public scrutiny. Sorry but any renowned scientist would be proud of his work instead of hiding behind it and calling it his own big secret after taxpayers paid for the research. Sorry about how his fellow scientist who once agreed with his finding are admitting Michaels falsehoods. Sorry about all the climate change alarmist admitting the big push is about socialism rather than climate change. I guess the big question now would be to ask "where is your proof"! Try that one out for size and see how it would work out.

horsehouse

I am still most persuaded by the preponderance of scientific evidence. That is my proof! It fits and it works just fine for me if not others. We can endlessly pull single examples out of our hats to build separate cases until we are dead. That the argument is now turned into a push for socialism takes the conversation in another direction. A great deal of capitalist profit can be made by changing our ways to clean energy. Even if it only produces cleaner air and water it is worth it. End of my story.

Branson Hunter

@TwoTwoJoe,



Respectfully, you ought to have looked at what you were posting? You posted endless [non-linked] titles to supposed articles. I found the story concerning Physicist Ivar Giaever. It is counterwise to climate denial. The science community in this article humiliated this physicist, quoting the article: "...his contrarian climate opinions come from a position of extreme ignorance on the subject, as Giaever admits. Giaever personifies the classic stereotype of the physicist who thinks he understands all scientific fields of study."



Sadly, the issue has spilled over to partisan politics. Moving forward, the climate denial debate is over. [Anyone remember L.A. back in the day before limits on emissions?]

TwoToeJoe

Branson I commend you on the wise decision in not making the attempt to justify the corrupt scientific evidence Michael Mann devised and his senseless justification of keeping his taxpayer funded data hidden. Honest scientific evidence and data collected by honest scientist are proudly exhibited and subjected to public scientific review .Honest scientist never cook the books and manipulate data to fit their narrative. Even NASA was caught red handed manipulating climate data. It is also a sad day when climate change activist openly admit and push the socialist agenda for justification for clean air and water. A great deal of capitalist profit is already being pumped into the socialist agenda while we the consumers take the loss and pay the price. Everyone wants cleaner air and water. Destroying our economy by implementing massive new social programs on the backs of the consumers of affordable energy is the wrong way of conducting business. To do so creates massive new problems with our economy and increases the burden and cost of those in which the socialist seeks to alleviate. Spending billions on the socialist agenda does nothing in producing cleaner air and water and I believe most rational and honest people know this. If you really need links Branson I would be happy to oblige. Just ask as you did before. I thought the climate debate ended when the Green New Deal was shot down in the Senate 57 to 0 in a bipartisan vote....PS Giaever stated "Global warming really has become a new religion. Because you can not discuss it. It is not proper. It is like the Catholic church". To say he admitted ignorance is spin. Giaever made many alarmist angry when he stated climate change was pseudoscience. Good try.


TwoToeJoe

Here are a few references for Giaever but if you need more let me know. I will be happy to oblige like before! But I warn you it will take a lot of space and anger many!



https://web.archive.org/web/20120705043144/http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2012/07/02/lindau-nobel-laureate-meeting-from-the-big-bang-to-the-big-controversy-a-k-a-climate-change/



https://www.mediatheque.lindau-nobel.org/videos/34729/ivar-giaever-global-warming-revisited/laureate-giaever



https://web.archive.org/web/20110704010453/http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124597505076157449.html https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/

Branson Hunter

Hi to toes,

Branson Hunter

Oops. Two toes you went to a lot of trouble putting that up, I give you credit for that. I spent most of the day reading and listening to the news. It serves no purpose for me to waste my time with people who deny that climate is changing thank you so much

bill jenkins

this is a classic case of: don't believe what you see, believe what i tell you.

BBB

I think it's accurate to say TTJ is a fanatical climate denier and defender of gun ownership. That's his right, but the monotunous list was a bit much.

TwoToeJoe

You are welcome Branson. I noticed that you again did not respond to my comments other than acknowledging the receipt of the references. That is par for the course as usual. You may resume watching your climate hysteria programing and believe in all the doomsday scenarios that never materializes. Yes Bill, climate change activist do rely on people in believing in what they tell you. Michael Mann certainly made that perfectly clear in court when he refused to release his data for peer review and was found in contempt of court and was awarded court cost. You may continue reading your climate change periodicals that repeat the same doomsday scenarios that keeps you believing in what they want you to know. Unlike climate science which can be and is debated it seems very obvious to me why some comments regarding the political driven agenda behind the climate change alarmist should be completely ignored. I think it would be accurate to say their may be a shortage of fanatical climate activists willing to amuse a skeptic with any rational response within this discussion. Silence is the best course of action when it is difficult to respond to obvious statements within a discussion.


Branson Hunter

TTJ, after three people (myself included, above) reviewed three of your titles sources all three were fallible and they revealed something very different in terms of science. That's what I and two others got out of it. So, yes, I stopped reviewing those titles. Any reasonable and prudent person would have done the same thing. Hang in there Morongo Basin Neighbor.



Climate/weather is getting will be more catastrophic with the passing of each season. Someone wrote about inner earth forces (magma iron, affected by magnetic forces) I believe that to be part of many concerns.



This is not a surprised this morning: that Dow Chemical has a cozy relationship with the Trump Administration. Dow donated $1 million to Trump’s inaugural committee just weeks before Trump reversed the ban on chlorpyrifos



Last summer, a three-judge panel of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the EPA to ban all uses of chlorpyrifos. The Trump Administration challenged the decision, the case was reheard by the full court, and in April the Ninth Circuit Court ordered the EPA to decide by July if it would ban chlorpyrifos. The Trump administration just announced on July 18th that it will not ban chlorpyrifos.



Huh...



We have a broken federal political system. And we no longer have a democratic form of government.We have evil King.

BBB

Let's not forget the useful idiot from the HDWD who cited Robinson's Oregon Petition in a feeble effort to refute climate change on this site last spring.

TwoToeJoe

Watch how easy it is for me to respond to your political spin Branson. For the third time I noticed that you again refuse to respond to my comments other than just injecting political spin.

I will demonstrate for my Morongo Basin neighbor how a discussion should be.

Branson states that ” Dow donated $1 million to Trump’s inaugural committee just weeks before Trump reversed the ban on chlorpyrifos” Even left wing spin machine Snopes has determined “Although it is clear that Dow Chemicals actively lobbied against a chlorpyrifos ban, we cannot rule on claims that their $1 million donation influenced Trump or Pruitt to change their view on the issue.” https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/trump-reverses-insecticide-ban-dow-chemicals/. Branson states “in April the Ninth Circuit Court ordered the EPA to decide by July if it would ban chlorpyrifos” The EPA did make the decision in not banning chlorpyrifos. “The EPA has determined that “the science showing chlorpyrifos is harmful was inconclusive and flawed.” https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/08/10/pesticide-ban-court-says-epa-violated-law-chlorpyrifos-harmful-babies/954921002/ Even politifact has determined the research as being inconclusive and flawed. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/08/10/pesticide-ban-court-says-epa-violated-law-chlorpyrifos-harmful-babies/954921002/ Branson states “We have a broken federal political system. And we no longer have a democratic form of government. We have evil King.” No we have a duly elected president. “Donald Trump Wins the 2016 Election” https://time.com/4563685/donald-trump-wins

See how easy it is to respond without diverting, stalling and feeble attempts to evade in a discussion! Want to back up and try again Branson?


BBB

It's ok, the US Senate wants to look at the whistleblower complaint, maybe now the American public can witness democracy in action.

Branson Hunter

TTJ, I thought I was responding. Where was I sidetracked? Btw, he comments in here are improving on back and forth issues. That is positive? Maybe the rest of the citations you profered were legit denials... but when three apples in the product section at the supermarket are bruised, I don't buy them.





The POTUS is above the law: PDF of the Whistleblower's Complaint:

https://ca-times.brightspotcdn.com/c1/2a/bed29117428cbbab9818dc643675/20190812-whistleblower-complaint-unclass.pdf




Welcome to the discussion.

Keep it Clean. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, racist or sexually-oriented language.
PLEASE TURN OFF YOUR CAPS LOCK.
Don't Threaten. Threats of harming another person will not be tolerated.
Be Truthful. Don't knowingly lie about anyone or anything.
Be Nice. No racism, sexism or any sort of -ism that is degrading to another person.
Be Proactive. Use the 'Report' link on each comment to let us know of abusive posts.
Share with Us. We'd love to hear eyewitness accounts, the history behind an article.